In a move that is set to significantly alter the relatively lowrise skyline of Delhi, the Centre has approved a Transit Oriented Development policy for the capital, allowing construction projects, along various mass-transit corridors, to go higher vertically.
The policy will impact at least 20 per cent of Delhi’s geographical expanse. The TOD policy will translate into high-density, mixed-land use projects along an area ofup to 500m on both sides of all mass-transit modes in Delhi.
Developers taking up new or redevelopment projects in the TOD zone will get faster permissions through single-window clearances. The policy, however, would not be applicable in Lutyens Bungalow Zone, Civil Lines bungalow area, zones that are regulated due to their proximity to monuments, zones along the Yamuna and low-density residential areas.
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The Ministry of Urban Development has approved a Floor Area Ratio (FAR) of 4 for new constructions as well as redevelopment projects along this influence zone. Highrises will now be allowed along the total 300-km long Metro line, including the proposed Phase III, railway lines and the proposed rapid rail transit system in Delhi.
Ministry officials said that TOD, which was cleared by Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu as part of review of Master Plan for Delhi 2021, will substantially reduce congestion and pollution in the city. “More people living along mass transport corridors would mean that these modes are within walking or cycling distance of residents,” an official said.
FAR is the ratio of the floor area to the land area and a FAR of 4 would translate into a built-up area of 40,000 sqm. As per the policy, in order to avail a higher FAR of 4, as against the prevailing norm of 1 to 2.5 FAR, the area of the plot has to be minimum one hectare (10,000 sqm). However, mass rapid transit system agencies such as Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, Rapid Rail Transit System and railways will be allowed to go higher even if their plot size merely 3,000 sqm.
Ten per cent of the built-up area is to be reserved for commercial, another 10 per cent for providing community facilities and 30 per cent for residential units up to 60 sqm in size. Another 15 per cent, over and above the total FAR, is to be used for constructing houses in the size range of 32 to 40 sqm.
“A third of the total residential units, that will be built by developers, have to be sized 32 to 40 sqm so that it can serve as homes for the economically weaker sectors in keeping with our ‘Housing for All’ mission,” the official said. According to ministry officials, the design aspect in the regulations will ensure safety for women and children.