The Annual Report of Births and Deaths, released by the Delhi government recently, revealed that in 2014, fewer women with higher levels of education had more than four children, as compared to women with primary or no education.
Women in the ‘graduation and above’ educational category had 47,757 or 23.04 per cent of 2,07,282 first births in the capital. In subsequent categories of second child or more, women in this educational category made up for less than 20 percent of births. However, only 270 or 3.42 percent of graduate or post-graduate women had a fourth child or more, the least of all other educational categories.
The maximum number of women — who had four or more children — were in the educational category of ‘primary but below matric (Class X)’.
With 2,295 women in this educational category giving birth for the fourth or higher number of times, they made up 29.09 percent of 7,889 women, with four or more child deliveries.
In the four or more birth order, illiterate women in Delhi came second to women with primary but below matric education. Illiterate women made up 25.12 per cent births in this category with 1,982 births, followed by women with matric but below graduate level education, recording 1,458 births. However, the educational level of 757 or 9.60 percent of women in the category of ‘four and above’ birth order was not stated, the report said.
While Delhi includes 369 villages enlisted by the government’s revenue department, statistics released by the Delhi government on Wednesday reveal that the urban areas of the national capital accounted for 93.51 per cent of births in 2014 and 95.77 per cent deaths.
The 113-page report stated, “For births, it is based on the town or village which pertains to the residence of mother of the newborn and for deaths, it is based on the town or village of residence of the deceased.”
Of the total births registered in 2014, 1,97,078 (52.74 per cent) were male and 1,76,615 (47.26 per cent) were female. According to the report, during 2014, the proportion of urban births accounted for 93.51 per cent and rural births 6.49 per cent.
Of the 1,21,286 deaths in 2014, this proportion was 95.77 per cent for urban and 4.23 per cent for rural.
The report also provided a sex-wise break-up of births and deaths in 2014. Sex wise distribution of births in 2014 revealed that 52.74 per cent newborns were male and 47.26 per cent were female.
A break-up of the total deaths registered, in terms of sex, indicated that 62.17 per cent were male whereas 37.83 per cent female.
At 83 per cent, 2014 also recorded the highest number of institutional births since 2001. The proportion of institutional births to total births has seen a 20 per cent increase in the last 13 years, the report stated.
Data analysed religion-wise indicated that of the 1,21,286 deaths in Delhi in 2014, 1,05,336 were Hindus, 12,118 were Muslims, 1,625 were Sikh and 1,703 belonged to other religions.
Of the 3,73,693 births recorded in 2014, 3,11,205 were Hindu, 55,941 were Muslims, 3,791 were Sikh, 1,605 were Christians and 1,151 belonged to other religions.
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