The rural populace of Punjab and Haryana fare poorly on the education front. As per the provisional data of the first Socio Economic and Caste Census released on Friday, only 3.2 percent of the eligible rural population of Punjab are graduates, while the corresponding figure for Haryana is 4.14 per cent. The data also reveals that more than 34 per cent of the rural populace in Haryana and more than 31 percent in Punjab are illiterate.
Around 1.68 crore people live in Punjab’s rural areas. Of them, 9.87 per cent are literate but have educational qualifications below primary level. Around17.30 per cent have studied till primary level, 13.78 per cent till middle school level, 14.96 till secondary level and 8.55 per cent of the rural population has studied till the senior secondary level.
Of the 1.60 crore rural population in Haryana, 11.37 per cent are literate below primary level, 15.60 per cent have studied till the primary level, 12.93 per cent till the middle level, 12.70 per cent till the secondary level and 8.28 per cent till the senior secondary level.
The two states also fare poorly on a number of other parameters. While the census shows that there around 22 per cent landless households in the country, Punjab has 45.34 per cent landless house-holds, the highest in the region. Of the 38.68 lakh households in rural Punjab, 29.91 per cent depend on cultivation while 48.03 percent are manual labourers. The situation is no different in Haryana where of the 29.69 lakh households, 33.08 per cent depend on cultivation and 42.70 percent are labourers.
The data also reveals that 40.10 per cent of rural population of Punjab has never been married, while the figures stand at 40.03 per cent for Haryana. The gender analysis of the rural households shows that 85.18 per cent households in Punjab and 88.27 per cent in Haryana are headed by males.
As per the data, Punjab has highest number of schedule caste households across all states in the country. As many as 36.74 percent rural households are SC households. There is considerable increase (around 8 per cent) in SC population in state as compared to the 2001 census in which Punjab had recorded 28.9 per cent SC population. In Haryana, the SC population is 22.89 percent.
In what is a reflection of the increasing popularity of mobile phones, 79.51 percent of rural population of Punjab has only mobiles, while just 1.30 percent have only landline. Around 6.24 percent have both landline and mobile phones. While in Haryana, 84.50 percent population has only mobile phones. On the other hand just 0.63 percent have only landline phones.