Chandigarhs population has risen by nearly 17 per cent and with 9,252 people for every square kilometre,the city is the second-most densely populated after Delhi (11,296 people/sq km).
The figures are part of a primary Census abstract for 2011 that have now been released.
As per the data,UTs population has increased to 10,55,450: men accounting for 5.80 lakh of the total and women making up the remaining 4.74 lakh. This is an increase of 1.54 lakh people from the last Census in 2001,when the population was 9,00,635.
While the provisional data had been released by the Census department last year,the actual figures were only put out now. The literacy rate in the city is high at 86.04 per cent,which places it at eighth in the country. This has increased from 81.94 per cent in 2001.
The male literacy is 89.98 per cent,while female literacy rate is 81.18 per cent. While there is an increase in the literacy rate of both males and females,it is more pronounced in the case of women,up from 75.37 per cent in 2001.
Of the citys total population,97 per cent reside in rural areas including the sectors and colonies. Only 28,991 people reside in the villages. As per the Census,there are just five villages left. From amongst the remaining,five villages have been treated as Census towns and two as urban conglomerates.
In Chandigarh,11.3 per cent of the total population comprises of children in the age group of 0-6 years. This has declined from 2001 when the population of children was 12.8 per cent. There are more males than females in this age group as is the case with the overall population.
With the caste data having been collected for the first time,the census has found that the population of Scheduled Castes is 1,99,086; 18.86 per cent of the total.
Due to the decreasing rural population,the number of cultivators has reduced to 2,169 and 1,136 agricultural labourers. D S Jaspal,a retired bureaucrat and former Director of Census,Punjab,who has analysed the provisional data says that the density of population has increased from 2257 persons per sq kilometre to 9252 persons/sq km in 2011.
He added that there was also high vehicle density in the city. He emphasizes on the need for identifying choke points and encouraging public transport. Jaspal further says that since the character of the city is mostly rural now,the development should be planned accordingly.