Legal protocol followed by Indian docs could be behind controversy,say PGI expertshttps://indianexpress.com/article/cities/chandigarh/legal-protocol-followed-by-indian-docs-could-be-behind-controversy-say-pgi-experts/

Legal protocol followed by Indian docs could be behind controversy,say PGI experts

With the Indian medical fraternity facing flak in the UK over the death of eight-year-old Gurkiren Kaur Loyal from Birmingham — whose parents had alleged that her vital organs had been harvested — PGI experts now state that a legal protocol being followed by Indian doctors could be behind the controversy.

With the Indian medical fraternity facing flak in the UK over the death of eight-year-old Gurkiren Kaur Loyal from Birmingham — whose parents had alleged that her vital organs had been harvested — PGI experts now state that a legal protocol being followed by Indian doctors could be behind the controversy.

“Doctors are legally bound to conduct the post-mortem of a body in case of unnatural death and they have no option but to take out the samples of organs. If concerned doctors of the British girl,had not performed the post-mortem,then they would have been in great trouble. It is an international level protocol,which doctors have to follow and they have been following since 1883,” a senior doctor from forensic department,PGIMER,said.

As part of the process,a victim’s organs,includes parts of brain,kidneys,lungs,intestine,heart and other body parts,are removed. If a death occurs in suspicious circumstances,samples may also need to be kept by the police,as evidence,for a longer period.

“I do not understand why people make a hue and cry when parts of body organs are taken out during the post-mortem. In Sarabjit’s case also (Indian prisoner who died in Pakistan) ,people blamed Pakistani doctors for taking out his organs. But,it is a legal protocol which one has to do to conduct a post-mortem,” the doctor added.

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Dr Daisy Sahni,Professor and Head,Anatomy department,PGIMER,pointed out that when a body has to be transported then it has to be embalmed. “If a victim’s body is to be carried out for long distance by public transport,then to prevent the spread of infection embalming is mandatory,” she said. In embalming,disinfecting fluid is inserted into the victim’s body to prevent decay for longer time and is done for sanitation purposes. “If a post-mortem has been performed,then during embalming the vital organs have to be removed by doctors. This could have been done in the case of the British girl,” Sahni said. Further,she said that in case of a death of a person,the victim’s organs except the cornea (eyes) are of no use to anyone.

“The organs can only be used if a person is brain dead (brain is not functioning,but heart is alive) and not in case of a dead person. Moreover,rules are very stringent in organ transplantation and one needs written permission of donor’s family,” she added.

“In the above case,where a British girl died after being given an injection. Now in this case,the girl is dead and her organs were of no use to anyone. Why would anybody take out the organs which are of no use?” Sahni said.