The global electricity demand is expected to increase by 87 per cent around 2035. It is believed that by 2050 the world may not be able to fulfill its overall energy requirements in spite of using every available energy resource. In such a scenario,Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) can be seen as a future energy source.
To make this a reality,International Space Society (ISS),India is going to collaborate with National Space Society (NSS),USA,to promote an international consensus on Space-Based Solar Power.
Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) or Space Solar Power (SSP) is a joint US-Indian endeavour to build clean space-based solar power satellites to harness solar power in space. The NSS and ISS will help each other create a context and environment in which leaders in Space Science meet and learn from each other, Mithul Dixit,director of the Dikshant International School said.
Under SBSP or SSP,energy will be trapped in space with the help of satellites and subsequently will be transferred to earth. Catching energy in space is important to reduce the losses suffered in the process of its transfer to earth. For this purpose,the space system converts sunlight to microwaves outside the earths atmosphere.
He added,Space solar power will be affordable in the long run. It has been claimed that the cost of energy could be 10 cents per kilowatt hour (approximately Rs 4.30). Electricity generated from coal,believed to be the cheapest form of energy,costs around Rs 3.30 per kilowatt hour.
In a statement issued from USA,Dave Dunlop of NSS says,I think the key objective of the collaboration between ISS and NSS will be to work in close coordination with Dr Abdul Kalam with a focus of SBSP. Dr Kalam is both the inspirational leader and the international statesman who has proposed a broad global collaboration on SSP.
Mitul Dikshit announced on Friday that ISS will organise an international conference on space in coordination with NSS on October 24 this year in Chandigarh,which will include a round table conference in which six major space agencies are being invited to reach an emerging consensus on Space-Based Solar Power.