SECTOR 38 west and Manimajra recorded maximum number of cancer cases and deaths in the city in 2013. These findings have appeared in population-based cancer registry (PBCR) report, prepared by Tata Memorial Centre (TMC), Mumbai, and PGI.
The report, which was released on Tuesday, has pointed out that the city has the highest incidence of breast cancer cases in the country. Lung cancer is the primary common cancer among males in the city.
In 2013, the TMC and PGI set up PBCR in the city to cover the city’s 11 lakh population. It has recorded a total of 833 cases for 2013 in Chandigarh, of which 406 were male and 427 female.
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The report has provided sector- and village-wise incidence and mortality cases. In 2013, Sector 38 west and Manimajra recorded the highest incidence with 46 cases, and the mortality rate in these two sectors was also the highest in the city with 22 and 18 respectively.
According to the report, there were 287 deaths registered in the city in 2013.
The report also pointed out that in 2013, trachea, bronchus and lung cancer cases (53) were the highest, followed by prostate cancer (32). Among women, breast cancer (154 cases) had the highest incidence followed by cervix uteri (40).
Prof J S Thakur, Department of Community Medicine, PGI, the principal investigator of the report, said that they collected the data from 20 sources. The original number of cases recorded was more than 1,700. “But when we went back for verification, half of them were not present in the city,” he said.
Experts believe that lifestyle could be one of the reasons for the city’s high incidence of breast cancer. “There are certain risk factors, including obesity, high fat in women, late marriage and late child-bearing,” said Dr Sushmita Ghosal, Professor and Head, Department of Radiography.
“One reason could be that 83 per cent of the women in the city don’t go for exercise,” said Dr Thakur, referring to a 2013 study on non-communicable diseases that had details of the city’s exercise of habits.
While cancer cases were reported from most of the city areas, sectors 1, 5, 17, 60, New Industrial Area, colony no. 5 and Sector 61 didn’t report any case in 2013.
The cumulative risk for the age group 0-74 in males was 11 per cent (2 in 20 men were at risk of getting cancer) and in females it was 12.6 per cent (1 in 10 females was at risk of getting cancer).