Following directives from the Supreme Court to assess and correct underlying reasons for the low success rate in the country for criminal cases prosecuted by the state, the Karnataka government has set up a three-stage review system to examine systemic loopholes contributing to the high acquittal rates in criminal cases.
Three police committees have been formed at the District, Range and State levels to examine cases where acquittals have occurred, officials in the state home department revealed. The Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) for crime will head the state level committee with the Director of Prosecution and Director of Police Academy as its members. At the range level a committee will be headed by an Inspector General of Police (IGP) and at the district level Additional Superintendents of Police (ASP) will be in charge.
The state level committee will meet once in six months to review acquittals in major cases, the range level committee will meet once a month to review cases involving convictions of more than seven years of imprisonment, and the district level committees will meet once in a month to review all other acquittals, home department sources said.
According to data from the Karnataka State Crime Records Bureau (SCRB), out of the 1,08,153 cases under the Indian Penal Code in the year 2012 only 34,069 cases ended in conviction and 74,084 cases lead to acquittals.
“We have formed three committees for review the acquittal of cases in Karnataka,” secretary in the home department Praveen Sood said. The home department hopes to identify the causes for the failure for state cases to enable investigation officers and prosecutors to increase the conviction rate in the state.