In spite of having one of the highest per capita incomes in the country,the salaried male workforce in Gujarat is the most poorly paid,according to the latest employment and unemployment figures from the 68th round of survey carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).
The salaried male workforce in Gujarat gets a daily wage of Rs 311 which is the lowest compared to all the other states. This wage is not only lower than the national average of Rs 417,it is also a far cry from Mizoram where salaried men are paid Rs 801 (the highest in the country),states the survey.
The conditions of salaried female workforce in the state is no better. The average daily salary of a woman in Gujarat stands at Rs 241. This is lower than the national average of Rs 307 and is two times lower than Rs 653 earned by their counterparts in Delhi (highest in country). The salary of women in Gujarat is only a shade better than those in the states of Andhra Pradesh (Rs 238),Bihar (Rs 237),Chhattisgarh (225) and West Bengal (235).
These figures come as a surprise for Gujarat which is among the top 10 states in the country in terms of annual per capita income growth and where per capita income (at constant prices) stands at Rs 57,508,far above the national average of Rs 38,037.
According to the NSSO figures,Gujarat is among the top five states having the maximum number of employable population in the age group of 15-59. It,however,ends up being a back-bencher when it comes to the quantum of remuneration paid.
As far as casual labourers in Gujarat are concerned,their average daily wages are far lower than those of their salaried counterparts. A male casual labourer (engaged in activities other than public works) working in rural parts of the state earns just Rs 115.
This is far lower than the national average of Rs 149 (rural) and is only higher than the predominantly tribal states of Chhattisgarh (Rs 89) and Madhya Pradesh (107).
In comparison,a female casual labourer in rural Gujarat earns Rs 105,which is more than the national average of Rs 103 for rural parts of the country. Interestingly,her urban counterpart working in the cities of Gujarat earns only Rs 88 per day. A male casual labourer in Kerala earns the highest daily wage (Rs 345) among all the states in the rural parts of the country,while his female counterpart in Mizoram (Rs 363) earns the highest among the fairer sex.