Among all the subjects taught in the state primary schools, Sanskrit tops the list as the easiest and Hindi as the toughest, if one goes by the state government funded research project — Gujarat State Level Learning Achievement Survey (G-SLAS) — that was carried out by Gujarat Council of Educational Research and Training (GCERT).
Learning levels in mathematics and social science were found to be below the state average of 45.15 per cent.
The state achievement survey report of primary education covering over 2.44 lakh students from Class III to VIII in government schools across all districts in the academic session ending 2014 showed the average academic achievement in Sanskrit subject was the highest at 54.56 per cent and the lowest was in Hindi at 41.53 per cent, among eight subjects – Gujarati, Hindi, English, Sanskrit, mathematics, social science and environment – offered in primary school.
If the learning levels in individual classes covering a total number of 1,22,309 (61,420 boys and 60,889 girls) and 1,22,184 (61,322 boys and 60,863 girls) students in the first and second semester, respectively, were selected and considered, the highest level of 63.58 per cent was observed in Class IV while the lowest (31.33 per cent) in Class V, both in mathematics.
When the ‘hard points (a question answered correctly by up to 40 per cent of students)’ were considered, in first semester, in Class VI, highest number of hard items (50 per cent) were found in Hindi and the lowest (13.33 per cent) in Sanskrit.
In Class VII, highest hard items (52.78 per cent) were found in Hindi and the lowest in English (11.11 per cent). In Class VIII, highest (40 per cent) hard points in mathematics and the lowest (8.33 per cent) in English.
“In the second semester, in Class VI, highest (51.35 per cent) hard points were found in social science and the lowest (3.57 per cent) in English. In Class VII, students found social science with the most difficult questions with the hard points of 51.43 per cent and Sanskrit the easiest with no hard item. In Class VIII, Gujarati as the toughest subject with 58.82 per cent of hard items while not a single one in Sanskrit,” the 522-page report concluded.
Interestingly, in Sanskrit, only a few hard items were found in the upper primary classes while social science and mathematics carried more per cent of hard items as compared to English that carried less hard items in Class VI and VIII as compared to Class VII.
If hard points were evaluated in context of subjects, irrespective of classes, the highest 60.41 per cent were found in the subject of social science as compared to the lowest (4.76 per cent) in Sanskrit.
The hard points identified in languages were from the fields of grammar, vocabulary, expression and explanation of the language.
In case of Mathematics, most of the hard points were from the field of problem solving, factorisation, geometrical construction and different mathematical operations. In case of social science, most of the hard points were related to the field of historical and geographical facts, understanding and applications of events.
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