The construction of individual household latrines under the government’s ambitious Swachh Bharat Mission have recorded a growth of nearly 70 per cent in 2015-16, increasing to 97.73 lakh individual toilets. The numbers of new toilets for schools and anganwadi have, however, seen a sharp decline in 2015-16.
According to the latest Swachhta Status Report 2016 by NSSO, 8,240 toilets were constructed in schools and 1,337 toilets in Anganwadi in 2015-16 as against 25,264 toilets in schools and 8,377 toilets in Anganwadi in 2014-15.
Rajasthan leads among all states and union territories having built 19.63 lakh toilets out of the total 97.73 lakh individual toilets. West Bengal follows in the second position with construction of 12.96 lakh individual toilets, while Madhya Pradesh is third with 9.14 lakh individual toilets, the report showed. In 2014-15, West Bengal had topped the list among states having constructed 8.47 lakh toilets.
Around 81,400 toilets were constructed under MGNREGA in 2015-16 as against 6.72 lakh toilets constructed under the jobs scheme in 2014-15. The figures for 2014-15 are, however, subject to upward revision, the report said.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched Swachh Bharat Mission on October 2, 2014. It has two sub-missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), which under the ambit of Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation and Ministry of Urban Development, respectively.
In the new Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), funding has been delinked from MGNREGA, since that was leading to inefficiencies and delays in implementation. The incentive for latrine funded by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is Rs. 12000, while for individual household latrines, the incentive of Rs. 9,000 and 3,000 is given for each toilet by Central and state government respectively to identified BPL households.
The targeted number of latrines that had to be constructed was 11.11 crore. Of this, 8.84 crore are eligible for incentive, 1.39 crore are defunct/dysfunctional and 0.88 crore are ineligible for incentive as per the scheme guidelines. Of the 8.84 crore latrines, 2 crore latrines are to be done under MGNREGA, leaving a balance of 6.84 crore to be done by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Provision of Individual household latrines: Incentive of Rs. 9000/- and 3000/- for each toilet (Rs. 10800/- and Rs. 1200/- in case of North Eastern States, Jammu and Kashmir and Special category States) is given by Central and State Government respectively to BPL households and identified.
The Ministry of Urban Development, which handles the urban part of the initiative, has targeted construction of 1.04 crore individual household toilets, 2.52 lakh community toilets, 2.56 lakh public toilets by the end of the mission in 2019. As on January 31, 2016, around 10.30 lakh toilets have been constructed in the urban parts by the ministry, since the launch of the programme in 2014.
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