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Raghuram Rajan: Political parties would have to work together to meet economic challenges

RBI Governor wants Parliament to pass key bills to boost economy.

Written by PTI | New Delhi | Published: December 11, 2013 11:57:42 am

Reserve Bank Governor Raghuram Rajan today exhorted political parties not to postpone passage of key economic bills because it may become challenging to get them approved after the 2014 general elections.

“A stable government post-elections cannot be taken for granted… it would be dangerous for parties to postpone necessary legislations with the idea of passing the legislation post-election. Post-election politics may become even more challenging for whoever assumes power,” he said.

Rajan spoke at the Delhi Economic Conclave 2013 on ‘The Agenda for the Next Five Years’ here.

Similarly,Rajan said delays in putting large,stalled projects back on track or an additional fiscal slippage would only amplify the challenges that the new government will face.

“It will benefit the economy if Parliament passes key bills and if current authorities take action to improve growth and fiscal health,including raising diesel prices to market level and eliminating other poorly targeted subsidies,” the Governor said.

Rajan said that in the absence of a stable government after the elections,due early next year,political parties would have to work together to meet the challenges facing the economy,otherwise the markets and rating agencies may not be kind to India.

Rajan said economic growth seems to be stabilising.

“We are seeing some glimmerings of stronger growth. But its too early to say we have certainly hit bottom. But I am hopeful that (growth) would be around 5 per cent.”

The country’s economic growth slowed to decade low of 5 per cent in the previous financial year.

On growth prospects,the RBI Governor said the agricultural sector has picked up following a good monsoon and India is likely to harvest a good crop.

Several stalled projects have been cleared with the hope that investments will start in the second half of this financial year.

“So that’s relatively good news on the growth front. I think growth is stabilising,though it’s too early to call it bottomed out at this point,” Rajan added.

He exuded confidence that the government would contain the fiscal deficit at the target of 4.8 per cent of GDP.

On the current account deficit,Rajan said part of the reduction is on account of suppressed gold imports.

“This was necessary in the short run but it is not desirable over the medium term. Similarly,not all measures to reduce the fiscal deficit are of the highest quality,” Rajan said.

The Governor said the central bank would take more steps in the weeks ahead to increase liquidity in the government securities (G-secs) market.

He said India is much better prepared for the US Federal Reserve tapering its stimulus programme.

“We are much better prepared to deal with any possible tapering. We would not say we are complacent. There would be unexpected effects of tapering,but we are much better prepared.

“We have a stronger (forex) reserve position. We have shown we can raise money if needed. And our CAD is significantly lower this year. And finally,we are seeing some glimmerings of stronger growth,” he said.

A suggestion by the US Fed earlier this year on rolling back its monetary stimulus had hit the Indian markets as well as the currency hard. The rupee,which fell to a historic low of 68.85 against the dollar in August,has recovered since then and closed at 61.04 yesterday.

Rajan said the steadying rupee is evidence of stability in the economy as well as improved external conditions.

Raghuram Rajan: Inflation is main focus of RBI,but borrowing to turn costlier for defaulters

The focus of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) remains on inflation,Governor Raghuram Rajan said on Wednesday,adding growth seems to be stabilising,although it was too early to call a bottom.

With loan defaults becoming an increasingly bigger problem,Raghuram Rajan said RBI will move to make borrowing costlier,especially for uncooperative and willful defaulters.

Raghuram Rajan added the Indian rupee had stabilised “somewhat”,but said there was no room for complacency. He also called on the government to continue its efforts to contain the fiscal deficit and said raising subsidised diesel prices to market levels would help.

“Our effort is firmly on controlling inflation,” Rajan said during a speech to the Delhi Economic Conclave organised by India’s Finance Ministry.

“Growth is stabilising though it is too early to say it has bottomed at this point,” he also said.

The RBI has raised interest rates by a total of 50 basis points since September to contain inflation. Since the moves,data has shown a slight recovery in economic growth,although it remains hovering close to decade lows.

Rajan also reiterated the central bank would continue to focus on developing markets,adding the RBI was also keen to strengthen debt markets and introduce more products.

Rajan also said the RBI would introduce measures to improve liquidity and depth in government bonds,known widely in India as G-secs.

“We will roll out more measures to improve liquidity and depth of G-sec market,” he said.

Financial market development is seen as a priority for the central bank governor.

India’s cbank will soon introduce interest rate futures on 10-year government bonds and has also allowed exchanges to launch these derivatives in other smaller tenor securities in the future. (Reuters)

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