Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Monday did not mention about military spending in his budget speech. Here are the 10 things you should know about the defence budget
1. This is the first time in public memory that outlay for defence was not covered by the Finance Minister in his speech to the Lok Sabha.
2. The Defence Budget used to be covered under eight demands till FY 2015-16 (Demand Numbers 21 to 28) but is now under only four demands (Numbers 20 to 23).
3. Since the mid-1980s, defence pensions were not included in the defence budget. But defence pensions have now been included in the defence budget.
4. Excluding the defence pensions, an amount of Rs 258,589 crore has been allocated for defence. This compares with Rs 2,46,727 crore allocated in the last budget, out of which Rs 233,341 crore was spent by the defence ministry.
5. A total of Rs 82,332 crore has been budgeted for defence pensions this time, mainly to cater for the announcement of One Rank One Pension (OROP) and the Seventh Pay Commission. In comparison, Rs 54,500 crore were allocated for pensions in the last budget but the actual bill shot up to Rs 60,238 crore.
6. Rs 95,852 crore will be spent on pay and allowances of military personnel and civilians of the defence ministry in the coming year.
7. Out of Rs 85,894 crore allocated last year for capital expenditure by defence services, the defence ministry was unable to use 13.5% of the amount. An amount of Rs 78,586 crore has been allocated for capital expenditure of the defence services this year.
8. In a first, the defence services even returned money from their revenue allocation. Rs 6,732 crore were returned out of a revenue allocation of Rs 132,540 crore last year.
9. The capital allocation in this budget and the perennial underspending means that defence modernization will continue to suffer in the coming year.
10. The defence budget comes to 1.71 % of the GDP, and taken with defence pensions, 2.26 % of India’s GDP. The parliamentary standing committee has recommended a minimum of 3% of GDP as the defence budget in its reports to the parliament.