Tsai made the trip in the midst of a protracted trade dispute between China and the United States, and just a few days after the Defense Department approved a $2 billion arms sale to Taiwan, a deal that China regards as provocative.
The truce offered relief from a nearly year-long dispute in which the countries have slapped tariffs on billions of dollars of each other's imports, disrupting global supply lines, roiling markets and dragging on global economic growth.
China is the North's only major ally and Xi Jinping's visit is aimed at bolstering the isolated country against pressure from UN sanctions over its nuclear and missile programmes and a breakdown in denuclearisation talks with the United States.
Modi will leave for a five-day visit to the South American nation on Wednesday, Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale told the media. He said Modi will hold bilateral meetings with several world leaders during the event, and return on December 2.
This was conveyed through diplomatic channels as a mark of goodwill that was sought to be generated in Beijing, and set the ball rolling for a reset in ties with China, now culminating in an “informal summit” between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping in Wuhan on April 27-28.
Wang Jianlin, head of real estate and leisure conglomerate Dalian Wanda Group, was quoted by a Beijing newspaper as saying that he was "overwhelmed by emotions'' listening to Xi's speech at the party congress.
Modi also called for expediting efforts to establish BRICS rating agency and advocated a collective voice against the practice of protectionism, especially in the spheres of trade and movement of knowledge and professionals.