There is evidence that providing support and services for infants and young children with early developmental impairments and their families can alter the child’s longer term developmental trajectory, and reduce the risk of secondary health and psychosocial complications.
During development, the DNA that makes up our genes accumulates chemical marks that determine how much or little of the genes is expressed. This collection of chemical marks is known as the "epigenome".
If parents have unrealistic expectations or low expectations, lack of consistency in what they tell the child and lack of child development knowledge and understanding, their parenting style can send confusing messages.
In typically developing toddlers, when autonomy and independence begin to develop, it can lead to a refusal to comply with instructions. Anxieties about changes in routine can lead to mild aggression as well.
The sensory motor stage of development (six months onwards) is when children start to roll, crawl and walk. Without early intervention, children with sensory integration difficulties seldom "grow out of it".
Addressing children while sitting beside them rather than while standing and looking down at them; using a warm and pleasant tone of voice; making eye contact and smiling at them are a few examples of child centred behaviour.