The fraying of social fabric and the normalisation of discrimination in present day India, batters constitutional values of fraternity, equality and dignity. This leads to a weakening of the Constitution itself.
Since the ILGA's last review in 2017, India and Angola have legalised same-sex relations, while Chad moved to criminalise gay sex that year, the report's author Lucas Ramon Mendos told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
The Supreme Court has legalised same-sex relationships by striking down provisions of section 377 that made it illegal. Gautam Yadav of The Humsafar Trust, an NGO, explains how this judgment benefits the community.
One of the petitioners challenging the constitutional validity of section 377 in the Supreme Court spoke with The Indian Express about his journey, how he told the truth to his parents, girlfriend and friends.