Samajwadi Party or SP is a state party that has strong roots in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. The party is represented through the election symbol 'cycle'. Mulayam Singh Yadav or 'netaji' founded the party and is its current chief. However, on January 1, 2017, his son and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav, took over the party as its president in what is being termed as a coup. The party is currently in power in Uttar Pradesh and
has five seats in the 16th Lok Sabha and 19 seats in Rajya Sabha. In 2014, ahead of Lok Sabha elections, there was a proposal to merge like-minded parties that include the JD(U) and RJD, but the plan did not materialise.