Unrest in the Indonesian side of the Papua islands exists since at least 50 years now, when the New York Agreement, which was brokered by the United Nations was signed between Indonesia and the Netherlands in 1962.
On August 17, reports emerged accusing West Papuan students in Surabaya of allegedly throwing the Indonesian national flag into the sewer. As soon as reports of this alleged incident began circulating, Indonesian authorities raided the university, threw tear gas into dormitories and took 43 people into custody.
Papua New Guinea had been favourites to qualify but because of the suspensions were unable to field a team against Japan, meaning the hosts went through to next year's ICC Under-19 World Cup in South Africa by default.
The magnitude 7.5 quake struck around 11 pm Tuesday at a relatively shallow depth of 10 kilometers (6 miles), according to the US Geological Survey. It was offshore about 45 kilometers (28 miles) northeast of Kokopo, which has about 26,000 people.