The NPR will be a list of usual residents of the country. Once it is completed and published, it is expected to be the basis for preparing the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC), a pan-India version of Assam's National Register of Citizens (NRC).
Census 2011 counted 14.2 crore migrants in the decade preceding it, intra-district to inter-state. Women moved for marriage, men for work, economic reforms drove the change, and Surat emerged as No. 3 destination while Chennai fell far behind.
In Assam, the NRC was first prepared in 1951 -- the current exercise is a bid to update the 1951 register, and in the process, determine who is a legal Indian citizen based on a cut-off date: March 24, 1971.
Urging the court to allow sample re-verification, Solicitor-General Tushar Mehta told the CJI that there is a “growing perception across the state that there are exclusions and inclusions, which are wrong”.