Mother Teresa or Saint Teresa of Calcutta was an Albanian-Indian, Roman Catholic missionary who worked in Bengal for majority of her life. She was born in Skopje, that is presently the capital of the Republic of Macedonia in 1910. By the age of 12, Mother Teresa had realised that her true interest lay in the lives of missionaries and their service in Bengal. In 1928, she left home at the age of 18 to join the Sisters of Loreto congregation
in Ireland. It was there that she learned English with the motive of becoming a missionary. The following year she travelled to India and first started working as a teacher in Darjeeling. In 1931 she took her religious vows. Her initial years in India made her aware of the abject poverty in the country, and in particular she was affected by the Bengal famine of 1943. In 1950 she established her new order, "Missionaries of charity" that would take care of hungry, poor and disabled in Calcutta. By 1997, the order had grown to become a worldwide organisation that helped the needy. Mother Teresa's service has been recognised internationally. In 1979 she won the Nobel prize for peace and in September 2016 she was officially canonised. However, her life as a missionary consisted of a number of controversies as well. In particular her opposition to abortion rights and the poor condition in which her patients were kept has been severely criticised.