Since 2000, global malaria incidence and death rates declined by 36 and 60 per cent, respectively. In 2017, 86 countries reported 219 million cases and 4,35,000 malaria deaths, down from 262 million cases and 8,39,000 deaths in 2000. Today, more than half of the world’s countries are malaria-free.
While global malaria incidence and death rates declined by 36 and 60 per cent respectively since the year 2000, the advancements are threatened by recent plateaus in global funding, together with a rise of malaria cases in 55 countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America, says the report.
India has had a sustained partnership with the Global Fund since 2002 both as a recipient and as a donor. So far, India has received $2.0 billion from the Global Fund for attaining targets related to HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria reduction.
Around 4,000 malaria cases were identified, with 40 per cent having plasmodium falciparum, a parasite transmitted through mosquito bites that is responsible for the majority of severe malaria cases in humans.
Of the 436 breeding spots of malaria-spreading Anopheles mosquitoes found until July-end this year, at least 150 (34 per cent) were found in PWD buildings, while 67 breeding sites were found in buildings owned by the Western Railway, including railway stations and staff quarters
The role of anti-malaria officers is to manage field work, ranging from organising awareness programmes to monitoring vector-control activities. The capital has recorded 111 cases of malaria and 57 dengue cases so far this year.