Libya is enduring its worst violence since the 2011 NATO-backed ouster of Moammar Qaddafi, which ushered in years of instability that allowed Islamist radicals to thrive and turned the country into a hub for migrants destined to Europe.
France has in the past been supportive of eastern Libyan forces commander Khalifa Haftar, who launched an assault on Serraj's Tripoli base in early April under the banner of combatting terrorism and restoring order.
Ever since Muammar Gaddafi was assassinated in 2011, dozens of militias led by multiple war-lords scrambled to occupy the power vacuum left behind by Gaddafi's ouster. As a result, Libya turned into a war zone with different militant leaders claiming the control of the North African nation.
Ever since the ouster and assassination of strongman Muammar Gaddafi, Libya has been in a state of civil war for the last eight years with multiple factions led by different warlords raising rebellions and claiming authority in different parts of the country.