Kharif season is considered the main season in Punjab for sowing maize. Last year, 1.08 lakh hectares area was under maize and this year, till July 8, the area touched 1.25 lakh hectares (a surplus of 17,000 hectares or 41,990 acres).
Fortification is a complementary strategy to fight malnutrition under which key vitamins and minerals are added to staple foods. The rice crop will be fortified with iron, folic acid, Vitamin A and Vitamin B-12 in rice mills before packaging for distribution.
Cotton is sown during Kharif season when water guzzling paddy crop is also grown in state. The cotton crop is also considered the best alternative to paddy, which is sown in nearly 25 to 30 lakh hectares out. Due to such huge area under paddy, 109 agricultural blocks out of the total 138, have already been declared over-exploited.