Pundit Jwaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a leading figure in the indian indepence struggle and the process of political development in the country post independence. Home tutored and then later having finished his education in law from England, Nehru on returning to India had enrolled himself as an advocate at the Allahabad High Court. However, his career in law was shortlived and he soon got extensively involved in the independence movement. As president of the
Indian National Congress, Nehru had called for complete independence from the British Raj in 1929. As prime minister of independent India, Nehru had initiated socio-economic policies of the idealistic socialist kind. The Nehruvian model of development came under a lot of criticism from opposition parties in years after his death. During his prime ministerial tenure, Nehru mentored his daughter Indira Gandhi in political affairs. She went on to be elected as the prime minister in 1957. Nehru was also a prolific writer and orator and authored books like 'The Discovery of India' and 'Glimpses of the World History'.