In case of Maharashtra, the natural geology comprising hard basalt rock limits seepage of groundwater in majority of its area. It not only poses a major challenge in western and central regions of the state but also leads to deeper digging of wells to extract natural reserves.
Once implemented, Maharashtra will become the first state to have stringent measures to check not only the misuse of groundwater but also monitor the quality of groundwater, fix permissible depth for borewells and introduce mandatory registration for these wells.
Once implemented, Maharashtra will be the first state in the country to regulate and have stringent measures in place to check on quality and pollution of groundwater. The act will also provide a forecast of the groundwater situation ahead of every cropping season, ensuring sustained availability of water.
“Last year, 21 talukas in Aurangabad, 26 in Amravati and 34 in Nagpur regions received rainfall 30 per cent less than normal, affecting groundwater recharge. Adding to this was the misuse of water resources for farming,” said a geologist who took part in the assessment.