UN agency UNICEF estimates about 98 per cent of women aged 15 to 49 has undergone the procedure in the breakaway Islamic state of four million, which has operated independently of Somalia since 1991 but is not globally recognised as a country.
The UN Population Fund projects that the estimated 3.9 million girls subjected to genital cutting every year will rise to 4.6 million by 2030 due to expected population growth unless urgent action is taken.
As per the study, 97 per cent women who remembered their FGM/C experience from childhood recalled it as painful. Those who have undergone "khafd" have reported painful urination, physical discomfort, difficulty in walking and bleeding immediately following the procedure
While 33 per cent of female respondents said FGM has had an adverse impact on their sexual life, 10 per cent of the women reported having frequent urinary tract infections, and incontinence, with one reported case of excessive bleeding.
On February 6 (Tuesday), as the world comes together to commemorate the International Day of Zero Tolerance For Female Genital Mutilation, here is what the horrifying practice is about and the problems stemming from it.