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Explained: India's southwest monsoon forecast by IMD

The southwest monsoon covers most of the country and brings 70 per cent of India's annual rainfall. A forecast from the IMD, therefore, is important for governments, businesses and the general public due to its importance for the Indian economy.

Mild El Niño may hamper monsoon

Latest bulletins from weather agencies across the world show that a mild El Niño currently prevailing in the equatorial Pacific Ocean was likely to continue till the monsoon, and possibly the rest of the year as well.

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Explained: How rocks in Meghalaya cave connect Northeast monsoon to El Niño

India’s summer monsoon, in the months of June, July, August and September, which brings in about 70% of annual rainfall in the country, is already known to be heavily influenced by the variability in sea-surface temperatures of Pacific Ocean.

Australia puts chance of El Niño in 2019 at 70 per cent

An El Niño weather event can trigger both floods and drought in different parts of the world and is associated with warmer, dry weather across the Asia Pacific.

El Niño rising: Will it affect the Indian monsoon?

The status of El Niño at this time of the year is usually the first indication of the kind of rainfall that is to be expected during the monsoon season later in the year.

A normal monsoon — in election year as El Nino threat recedes

As things stand, 2018 is set to be yet another year, when the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has got its forecast right.

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El Nino weather unlikely in Q3, possible in Q4, UN says

El Nino is a warming of ocean surface temperatures associated with crop damage, fires and flash floods.

2017 was the warmest year without El Nino effect, says United Nations

Seventeen of the warmest 18 years since records began in the 19th century have now happened since 2000, confirming that ever more greenhouse gases are driving up temperatures

2015-16 El Nino caused record CO2 spike: NASA

The 2015-16 El Nino cycle created large heat wave and drought-like conditions in Africa, America and Indonesia, which resulted in the largest annual CO2 concentrations in 2,000 years, say scientists

El Nino dries up the monsoon, could have impact next year too

September, the last of the four-month monsoon season, is likely to be remain dry as well, in line with the forecast made by weather scientists in May that had predicted only 87 per cent rainfall this season.

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Weakening El Nino Brings Hope For Monsoon

After two successive years of drought, a glimmer of hope finally seems to be appearing for the Indian monsoon. The first forecast for the monsoon rainfall this year is still three weeks away, but scientists are taking heart from the fact that a key indicator is showing signs of turning favourable in the coming days. […]

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