Many elite universities give preference to "legacy" applicants: the children of those who previously attended. In other cases, major financial gifts, including multimillion-dollar donations to construct buildings on campus, pave the way for the privileged. Both practices are legal.
The classification of enforcement is based on the convention countries' enforcement actions in the period 2014-2017. It said the real losers will be the global economy and people in countries affected by exported corruption, especially grand corruption.