Antibiotics have saved so many lives over the previous century of their use in humans that they are considered to be one of the major breakthroughs of contemporary medicine, said researchers from the University of Rennes 1 in France.
The study found that infants and children were 29 per cent less likely to have been prescribed antibiotics if they received probiotics as a daily health supplement. Reducing the use of antibiotics is one strategy in combating resistance in child health.
Besides TB, the WHO has also identified 12 classes of priority pathogens -- including common infections like pneumonia or urinary tract infections -- that are increasingly resistant to existing antibiotics and urgently in need of new treatments.
An estimated 1,69,760 pneumonia deaths in children under the age of five in India could potentially be prevented through prompt access to effective antibiotics, a new Lancet study published on November 18 has said.