In a surprise result, Abdulla Yameen lost his re-election bid last month and initially conceded defeat. Last week, however, his lawyers went to the Supreme Court, saying his supporters had complained about rigging of votes and fraudulent ballot papers.
After the defeat of Yameen, Chinese President Xi Jinping congratulated Solih. China's Ambassador to the Maldives Zhang Lizhong also called on Solih as mark of China's support to the power transition in Male.
Solih defeated incumbent Abdulla Yameen in a dramatic election, following reports over the previous week of attempts at voter intimidation and the absence of credible international observers to monitor the poll process amid fears of rigging.
Nasheed, Maldives' first democratically-elected leader who lives in exile in Sri Lanka, on Friday said he had decided to relinquish his presidential ticket as the national election commission ruled him illegible to run. Ibrahim Solih was first elected to parliament in 1994.
Under the emergency, Yameen's administration arrested former president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the chief justice, another Supreme Court judge, and a Supreme Court administrator on allegations of attempting to overthrow the government. They have all rejected the charges.
Maldives Opposition leader Ibrahim Mohamed Solih’s victory over incumbent president Abdulla Yameen in the country’s presidential polls on Monday was welcomed by India, which has been worried over the growing influence of China over the archipelago na