According to the National Crime Records Bureau’s prison data for 2015, over 55 per cent of undertrials across the country are either Muslims, Dalits or tribals. The data showed over two-thirds of all jail inmates are undertrials. The data also shows that more than 70 per cent of undertrials have not passed Class 10. Muslims, Dalits and tribals together account for 39 per cent of India’s population, thus their share among undertrials is disproportionate to their population. Besides, the three communities have a lower representation among convicts as compared to undertrials. Together, they account for 50.4 per cent of all convicts. Scheduled Castes account for 21.6 per cent of undertrials and 20.9 % of convicts, while Scheduled Tribes make up 12.4 per cent of undertrials and 13.7 per cent of convicts. The data also shows that most of the undertrials have to spend over three months in jail before they can secure bail — close to 65 per cent spend between three months and five years.
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