Bahujan Samaj Party MayawatiCurrently a Rajya Sabha member
Criminal Charge: 0
Four-time Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati, 58, is currently the national president of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). A former school teacher and Law Graduate, she entered politics after coming in touch with Dalit leader Kanshi Ram. After having worked together in Kanshi Ram’s non-political organisation Backward And Minority Communities Employees Federation (BAMCEF), she entered politics after he founded the BSP in 1984.
She contested her first election from Bijnor Lok Sabha seat in a by-election in 1985 but stood third. Next, she contested in another by-election from Hardwar Lok Sabha seat in 1987. This time, she stood second. Her first victory came in 1989 general elections of Lok Sabha as she won from Bijnor seat.
She first became the Chief Minister of UP in 1995 with the support of the BJP. Next, she became the CM in 1997 and 2002 with BJP’s support. She became the national president of the BSP on 18 September, 2003, after the health of Kanshi Ram deteriorated.
Riding on the formula of social engineering by forming a coalition between Dalits and Brahmins and taking on the lawlessness during incumbent Samajwadi Party government, her party won unprecedented 206 seats in UP assembly elections of 2007. She became the CM for the fourth time with full majority.
In 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the BSP won 21 Lok Sabha seats. However, the BSP lost the state to SP in 2012 as it could win only 80 seats.
Mayawati, who is known for running strict administration, has also faced the charges of corruption. CBI conducted inquiries against her for allegedly amassing assets disproportionate to her known sources of income. She was also probed by the CBI in the Taj Corridor case pertaining to alleged financial irregularities in the improvements of the infrastructure in the tourist area of Agra. However, both inquiries ended without conclusion. In Taj Corridor case, then UP Governor TV Rajeswar did not give prosecution sanction against her in 2007 and the disproportionate assets case was quashed by the Supreme Court in 2012.
She has, however, maintained that CBI inquiries against her were outcome of political vendetta unleashed on her by BJP leaders during Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led NDA government at Centre.