Amla and Rossouw both hit centuries to set up a 131-run win for South Africa over West Indies.
Andre Russell blasted 60 off 40 to help West Indies beat South Africa by one wicket in 4th ODI.
AB de Villiers scored the fastest ODI century off just 31 balls against West Indies on Sunday.
Petersen has played 36 Tests, scoring 2,093 runs at an average of 34.88 with five centuries but has struggled for form recently.
West Indians barely raised a smile when Benn bowled SA opener Petersen in the last over of the day.
SA were 421 all out with a 1st innings lead of 92 runs before WI finished Day 3 on 88/2, trailing by 4 runs.
While WI could muster only 329, SA closed the Day 2 on 227-3, with Amla and De Villiers looking dangerous.
Senior players Hashim Amla, AB de Villiers, Dale Steyn and Morne Morkel have been rested for the series.
As no play was possible on Day 5, 2nd Test between South Africa and West Indies ended in a draw.
Only six overs were possible on Day 2 as rain played spoilsport between South Africa and West Indies.
The Proteas’ Quinton de Kock and Faf du Plessis may not take to the field for the remainder of the Test.
The 27-year-old Van Zyl made a century on his Test debut, he made 101* off 130 deliveries.
“Twenty years of democracy has been possible because of Mandela,” said tribal chief Ron Martin.
Robin Peterson has been called up in place of the injured Dane Piedt and ahead of Imran Tahir.
Gayle has not featured on the international stage since September in the home series against Bangladesh.
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