Merkel and Rousseff focused mainly on environmental cooperation during a 24-hour visit by the German leader that was also aimed at boosting trade and investment in Brazil's stagnant economy.
"President Obama's leadership by example is essential for bringing other key countries on board and securing a universal, durable and meaningful agreement in Paris in December."
The climax of Tuesday's session was the afternoon audience with Francis, who has become a hero to the environmental movement, to focus world attention on climate change and its effects on the poor.
The study also warned around 750 million people in South Asia could face extreme water shortage, or 1.8 billion people could face chronic water shortage by 2050, due to population growth.
France is also acutely conscious of the fact that the previous such move had backfired and Copenhagen meeting had ended in a failure.
On the whole, the church's environmental message has been articulated for years, though it has gotten lost in other issues.
"By 2100 we expect 130 to 160 gigatonnes of carbon released into the atmosphere," Natali told journalists in Bonn.
Climate is one of the key topics on the agenda at a G7 meeting in a Bavarian castle starting on Sunday.
Achieving the 2C target has been the driving force for climate negotiators and scientists, who say it is the limit beyond which the world will suffer ever worsening floods, droughts, storms and rising seas.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made the pledge at a meeting with Pacific island nations in Iwaki in northern Japan.
Figueres said technological advances were the first of several factors that had created "a very changed political environment."
US President Barack Obama said today that climate change poses the world's biggest single threat.
Tokyo will set a target of cutting gas emissions "by at least 20 per cent by 2030, from 2005 levels."
It said that the health impact of climate change on the EU's 500 million citizens is "expected to worsen.''
Water pours into the sea- 130 billion tons of ice per year for the past decade, according to NASA.
"It is important to ensure that the enhanced provision of resources to developing countries for climate change and environmental concerns is additional."
Volcanoes may have caused cooling of 0.05 degrees to 0.12 degrees Celsius since 2000.
"As a text it's not perfect, but it includes the positions of the parties," said the Manuel Pulgar-Vidal.
Resolution of several contentious issues were still not in sight and negotiators were planning for another full night of negotiations.
COP president tells participants they have not come just to enjoy the city, must ‘take decisions’
Kerry also took a swipe at the US politicians who continue to deny that climate change and its devastating effects are real.
We don't have anything in the works of the kind we were involved in with China, said US lead climate negotiator Todd Stern.
India has largely preferred to play a wait and watch game to see how the negotiations are playing out.
The amount is roughly equivalent to the emissions produced by the entire state of Kiribati in 6 months.
Each country has to report by next year what it intends to do to contribute to the fight against climate change.
40 pc of Denmark’s power is renewable, more than anywhere else. Challenge is to market it.
Obama pressed other countries to follow US' lead on the issue of climate change.
Speaking to journalists after walking in the rally, Ban said the world needs to "galvanize our action" and harness the people's "power to change."
Over the past 6 years, the U.S. has cut consumption by 195 million tons as power plants have burned cheaper natural gas instead.
China's Xie Zhenhua said China should not be subject to the same rules for greenhouse gas emissions as the U S.
France will host the World Climate Conference next year.
All of that adds to more carbon dioxide and it starts compounding. So this is something the Americans have to deal with, he said.
Folks will tell you climate change is a hoax, or a fad, or a plot. It's a liberal plot, Obama said
Overall natural capital cost in the consumer goods sector each year is USD 75 billion, says UN report.
The report lands after Obama ordered US regulators to take their strongest steps ever to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Obama said that Congress "is full of folks who stubbornly and automatically reject the scientific evidence''.