Alcohol may improve memory about information learned before the drinking session began, a new study from University of Exeter in Britain has claimed. The researchers are keen to stress that this limited positive effect should be considered alongside the well-established negative effects of excessive alcohol on memory and mental and physical health.
Widely used in the Indian kitchen, turmeric, also called king of spices, is beneficial in many ways. The curcumin in it, a bioactive element present in it, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. From healing burns and cuts to controlling the process of aging, experts have rated the spice high for its uses.
According to researchers, a stronger short-term memory is positively associated with school attainment, job performance, and with lower probability of contracting Alzheimer's disease and post-traumatic stress disorder. On the other hand, a weaker cognitive control among children can lead to problems with physical health, higher mortality rates, lower personal wealth and criminal offences 30 years later.
Researchers found that exposure to nicotine, rather than withdrawal from it, which is commonly seen as anxiety-inducing in smokers, produced a stressing effect on lab mice. Social stress was induced when the animals were subjected to repeated aggressions by their dominant congeners.
Persons with high levels of neuroticism are more likely to experience negative emotions — including irritability, frustration, nervousness, worry, and guilt — compared with those who have lower levels of neuroticism. Being high in neuroticism may sometimes have a protective effect, perhaps by making people more vigilant about their health.
The dietary supplements with the highest proportion of serious medical outcomes were energy products, and botanical and cultural medicines. Dietary supplements, including energy drinks which have become a fad today, are not regulated and should not be consumed as these may cause severe health issues, especially in children.
Exposure to a high-fat diet during gestation and early in development impaired the development of neurons containing serotonin — a neurotransmitter that is critical in developing brains. On the other hand, introducing the child to a healthy diet at an early age also failed to reverse the effect, the researchers said.
The research suggests that physical activity has a positive impact on brain metabolism. In fact daily exercise prevents an increase in choline — a macronutrient that's important for liver function, normal brain development, nerve function, muscle movement, supporting energy levels and maintaining a healthy metabolism.
Fifty-five days post-drowning, the doctors began short duration treatment with 100 per cent normobaric oxygen for 45 minutes twice a day through a nasal cannula. The girl became more alert, awake and stopped squirming, said the doctors.
"This study shows that people with depression have changes in the white matter wiring of their brain," said Heather Whalley, senior research fellow at the University of Edinburgh. White matter is a key component of the brain's wiring and its disruption has been linked to problems with emotion processing and thinking skills.
In a significant find, a team of researchers has reported for the first time elicitation of powerful, HIV-blocking antibodies in cows in a matter of weeks — a process that usually takes years in humans — paving the way for developing a broadly effective AIDS vaccine in the near future.
Eating breakfast and lunch, skipping supper, avoiding snacks, making breakfast the largest meal of the day and fasting overnight for up to 18 hours may be the practical weight-management strategy. People who ate more than three meals daily and made dinner their largest meal were at the risk of developing a higher BMI.
Several health concerns have been attributed to coffee drinking including its addictive nature, ill-effects on digestion, bone health, cardio-vascular health, disturbed sleep, high blood pressure, infertility and increased incidence in pancreatic or bladder cancer.
The death toll from AIDS has dropped dramatically in recent years as the wide availability of affordable, life-saving drugs has made the illness a manageable disease.
While having a sugar-sweetened drink increased the amount of energy used to metabolise the meal, the increased expenditure did not even out the consumption of additional calories from the drink, the researchers said.
Eye freckles could indicate the presence or risk of sunlight-triggered eye diseases like cataract or macular degeneration. Research found that the development of eye freckles correlated with increasing age, lifetime number of sunburns and a history of severe sunburns resulting in blisters.
The new saliva test is simple and accurate and does not require specially trained personnel for collection, the need to protect samples from heat, and sanitary disposal of needles — factors essential in a blood test, and affect timely diagnosis.
Dieting combined with physical activity significantly reduced the mother's weight gain during pregnancy by an average of 0.7 kg. It also lowered the odds of the mother having a caesarean section by about 10 per cent, the research revealed.
Stethoscopes are used repeatedly throughout the day and become contaminated after each patient exposure, so they must be treated as potential vectors of transmission. Stethoscope hygiene implementation will need more consistent efforts to change culture and habits.
Not only are new HIV infections and deaths declining, but more people than ever are on life-saving treatment, according to data published ahead of an AIDS science conference opening in Paris on Sunday.
Immune cells, known as CAR T cells, have been ineffective against solid tumours which have been able to produce a metabolite called adenosine which destroys the cells. The suppressive tumour environment dampens down the ability of the immune cells so we needed to give the cells something extra to be able to work in those environments.
Japan was the first country to allow 'seirikyuuka' (meaning 'physiological leave') in the year 1947, which grants leave to female workers who "suffered heavily" with period pains or performed work deemed "injurious" to their health during menstruation.
People living in India and other South Asian countries are particularly vulnerable to rare genetic diseases. Several diseases specific to South Asian populations had been identified in the past, but the genetic causes of the vast majority remained largely mysterious.
As the government continues to initiate various programmes to meet nutrition deficiency-related issues, studies revealed that Indian diet has 50 per cent inadequate protein pattern. It makes it necessary for people to have extra intake of protein-related food since vegetarian diets alone would not fulfill the protein requirement of the body.
Women and girls lack hygiene supplies and as a result of which they do not attend schools or work or indulge into any kind of activity during their menstrual cycles. Lack of affordability, accessibility and awareness are the primary reasons why school girls are forced to drop out.
According to the National Cancer Registry, breast cancer accounts for 27 per cent of all cancers in women, with one in every 28 women likely to develop it during her lifetime and one in every two women diagnosed with it succumbs.
The findings showed that women who on an average did 60-120 seconds of running per day had four per cent better bone health than those who did less than a minute, while those who ran for more than two minutes a day, had six per cent better bone health.
Love to speak to your unborn baby? Well he or she can typically distinguish the difference between sounds used in various languages even a month before being born, an interesting study has shown. The study showed that foetuses can hear things, including speech, in the womb, although the voice is muffled.
In several districts in south India, we found high rates of caesarean deliveries even in public institutions. For instance, C-section rates in public institutions were higher than 20 per cent in all the districts of Telangana, which is a rare example of extremely high C-section deliveries overall.
This discovery could open new pathways to treating or preventing many brain diseases since axon loss occurs in all neurodegenerative diseases. The research team discovered a new role of the enzyme Axundead — or Axed — in promoting self-destruction of axons.
Ozone is a pollutant formed through a chemical reaction that occurs when sunlight interacts with nitrogen oxides and other organic compounds that are generated by coal-burning, vehicle exhaust and some natural sources. It has long been associated with adverse health effects in children and adults.
This was surprising because in general, girls with ASD have better social and communication skills during direct assessments, the researchers said.
Mothers who breastfeed for at least 15 months over one or more pregnancies may be 53 per cent less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with those who do not breastfeed at all or do so for up to four months.
Artificial sweeteners are substitutes for sugar that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy. The findings showed that artificial sweeteners or non-nutritive sweeteners may have negative effects on metabolism, gut bacteria and appetite.
For the study, published in the journal Injury Epidemiology, the team enrolled 8,701 people to examine the association between physical injury or acute exposure to the dust cloud on the morning of September 11, 2001, and chronic disease up to 10 to 11 years later.
The woman was due to have cataract surgery, but it was postponed after the discovery as the risk of developing endophthalmitis, inflammation of the interior of the eye, was increased. She had been wearing monthly disposable lenses for 35 years but had never reported any problems.
Sexual assault is unwanted sexual contact — including rape — and is a traumatising event linked to numerous mental health consequences associated with negative outcomes such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, fear, anxiety, alcohol dependence and attempted suicide.