Friday, Sep 19, 2014

The rush down Sinjar

New York Times | Fishhabour | Posted: August 12, 2014 12:14 am

By: Alissa J Rubin

Like sleepwalkers moving under a blazing sun, family after family from the Yazidi minority made their way across the narrow bridge that spans the river between Syria and Iraq, hardly seeming to see where they were going until they reached the Iraqi side.

Then many stopped and looked back, scanning the stream of people walking across the bridge, looking for lost relatives. “We are waiting for my brother’s family,” said Sabri Caro, 48. “People told us they walked down from the mountain, but they were behind us.”

As a stream of Yazidis made their way down from the Sinjar mountains, where they had been stranded for a week after fleeing the advance of the Islamic State, the depth of their plight became increasingly clear. Many families have been separated, some in their flight to the mountains, some when they made the decision to come down. Many have nowhere to go, and because they fled with nothing, are completely dependent on the generosity of locals and relatives. And many, still dehydrated and hungry from the lack of food and water on the mountain, appeared confused about what to do next.

The Sinjar mountains lie near the Syrian border, and because the way into Kurdistan from inside Iraq is blocked by Sunni militants, the Yazidis hoped to cross the mountains and make their way to Kurdistan through an alternative route.

“We received people until 11 pm last night,” said Ibrahim Mohammed, the manager of the Bajid Kandal camp, which is run by the UN refugee agency and is the closest to the Fishkhabour border crossing between Iraq and Syria. There are now about 24,000 people in the camp and bulldozers are breaking ground for a second camp across the road, but it will take a week to set it up, Mohammed said.

“The people are upset. Many families have been separated, some family members are still on the mountain, others are still in the Sinjar villages which are controlled by ISIS and sometimes families are ending up in different camps,” he said.

At least several thousand people crossed the bridge on Sunday. Estimates of how many have crossed since Saturday, when the trickle of those who could make it down from the mountains became a flood, ranges from 20,000 to 30,000. By nightfall on Sunday, the numbers had slowed considerably from the night before.

As people crossed and collapsed near the border, searching for a patch of shade in the blazing sun, they seemed even more exhausted than those who arrived on Saturday, testament to the longer time they spent on the mountain. A woman poured water on her 4-year-old son’s red and swollen feet, while two elderly women were unable to walk without holding on to younger relatives.

While many families fled from their villages at night after hearing gunfire and receiving calls from neighbours saying that Islamic State fighters were on their way, some fled during the day and ran into checkpoints run by the militants. The Caro family, who fled their village of Zurava on continued…

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