Iran confirmed on Sunday that it has executed an Iranian nuclear scientist who gave the US intelligence about the country’s contested nuclear programme. The official IRNA news agency quoted a spokesman for Iran’s judiciary, Gholamhosein Mohseni Ejehi, confirming the execution of Shahram Amiri, an Iranian nuclear scientist caught up in a real-life US spy mystery who later returned to his home country and disappeared. He did not say where or when the execution took place, but said Amiri’s initial death sentence had been reviewed by an appeal court and that he had access to a lawyer.
Amiri “provided the enemy with vital information of the country,” Ejehi said. Amiri, who worked for a university affiliated to Iran’s defence ministry, vanished in 2009 while on a religious pilgrimage to Muslim holy sites in Saudi Arabia, only to reappear a year later in a set of online videos filmed in the US. He then walked into the Iranian interests section at the Pakistani Embassy in Washington and demanded to be sent home, returning to a hero’s welcome in Tehran.
In interviews, Amiri described being kidnapped and held against his will by Saudi and American spies, while US officials said he was to receive millions of dollars for his help in understanding Iran’s contested nuclear programme. Now, a year after his country agreed to a landmark accord to limit uranium enrichment in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions, he has reportedly been hanged without any official word on his case.
“I am a simple researcher who was working in the university,” Amiri said on his return to Tehran in July 2010. “I’m not involved in any confidential jobs. I had no classified information.” News about Amiri, born in 1977, has been scant since his return to Iran. Last year, his father Asgar Amiri told the BBC’s Farsi-language service that his son had been held at a secret site since coming home.
On Tuesday, Iran announced it had executed a number of criminals, describing them mainly as militants from the country’s Kurdish minority. Then, according to Iranian pro-reform daily, Shargh, an obituary notice circulated Amiri’s hometown of Kermanshah, a city some 500 kilometers southwest of Tehran, announcing a memorial service on Thursday and calling him a “bright moon” and “invaluable gem.”
Manoto, a private satellite television channel based in London believed to be run by those who back Iran’s ousted Shah, first reported on Saturday that Amiri had been executed. BBC Farsi also quoted Amiri’s mother saying her son’s neck bore ligature marks suggesting he had been hanged by the state.
State media in Iran, which has been silent about Amiri’s case for years, did not report his death until Sunday. The Associated Press could not immediately reach his family. Iran’s mission to the United Nations did not immediately respond to a request for comment. It is unclear what would have prompted Iranian authorities to execute Amiri, years after his first disappearance. However, since the nuclear deal, hard-liners within Iran’s government have been increasingly targeting dual nationals for arrest in the country and cracking down on journalists, artists, human rights activists and others.