French Prime Minister Manuel Valls was today in Israel to advance his country’s plan to restart Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts in the face of opposition from his counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu.
Valls, who arrived last night, is to meet Netanyahu tomorrow before travelling to Ramallah on Tuesday to hold talks with Palestinian prime minister Rami Hamdallah. Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas has welcomed the French initiative to hold a meeting of foreign ministers from a range of countries on June 3, without the Israelis and Palestinians present.
Another conference would then be held in the autumn, with the Israelis and Palestinians in attendance. The goal is to eventually restart negotiations that would lead to a Palestinian state. Negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians have been at a standstill since a US-led initiative collapsed in April 2014.
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In an interview with Palestinian newspaper Al-Ayyam published today, Valls said that Israeli settlement expansion in the occupied West Bank must stop. But he also reiterated that his government would not automatically recognise a Palestinian state if the peace initiative failed.
A threat to do so was made in January by former foreign minister Laurent Fabius, angering the Israeli government. His successor Jean-Marc Ayrault has since backed away from the statement. “The objective is to arrive at the creation of a Palestinian state,” Valls said in the interview.
“It is to allow your national aspirations to finally be realised. To say today when we will recognise the Palestinian state is to determine in advance the failure of our initiative.” Valls said “we must also guarantee” Israel’s security, but called for a halt to settlement building, considered a major stumbling block to peace.
Settlements in the West Bank are considered illegal under international law and built on land the Palestinians see as part of their future state. “Stopping settlements is an imperative,” he said. “Because we cannot both want to discuss peace and be sincere in the negotiations and at the same time continue to create facts on the ground.”
Valls’s visit comes at a time of political turbulence in Israel, with Netanyahu expected to soon finalise negotiations with the party of hardliner Avigdor Lieberman, detested by the Palestinians, to join his coalition.