President Barack Obama arrived in Greece Tuesday morning on the first stop of his final foreign tour as president, the first visit to Greece by a sitting US president since Bill Clinton in 1999. Air Force One touched down mid-morning in Athens after an overnight flight from Washington amid severe security measures that shut down major roads and banned public gatherings and demonstrations in swathes of central Athens and a southern suburb near a seaside luxury hotel where Obama was expected to stay. Boats have also been banned from sailing near the coastline at the hotel’s location.
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More than 5,000 police were deployed in the capital’s streets for the two-day visit. Left-wing and anarchist groups have planned protest demonstrations for Tuesday afternoon, while an armed anarchist group has called for “attacks and clashes” to disrupt Obama’s visit. Clinton’s visit, which came during the height of US intervention in the wars ensuing from the breakup of Yugoslavia, was marked with extensive violent demonstrations.
While anti-American sentiment has been muted over the past few years in Greece, many in the country regard the U.S. with misgivings, a sentiment stemming mostly from America’s backing of the military dictatorship that governed the country from 1967 to 1974. Obama’s visit comes two days before the Nov. 17 anniversary of the junta’s 1973 bloody crackdown on a student uprising, which is marked each year by a protest march to the US Embassy which frequently turns violent.
Obama will head to his hotel ahead of his first meeting with President Prokopis Pavlopoulos. He was then to hold talks with Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, followed by a joint news conference. Pavlopoulos will host an official dinner for Obama at the presidential mansion in the evening.
On Wednesday, Obama is scheduled to tour the Acropolis and give a major speech about democracy and globalization before flying on to Berlin. From Germany, Obama will travel to Peru for an Asian economic summit before returning to Washington on Saturday.
Obama’s trip will be dominated by questions and concerns about President-elect Donald Trump. Obama has been working to reassure foreign leaders the US won’t abandon its partnerships and alliance obligations despite Trump’s tough campaign rhetoric.
Greece’s government has hailed Obama’s visit as being of “huge importance” for both Greece and Europe. The country’s left-led coalition government has been struggling to pull Greece out of six years of a vicious financial crisis that has devastated its economy and left more than a quarter of the workforce unemployed. Despite the U.S. election, the government has been pinning its hopes on the U.S. president to help persuade some of the country’s more reluctant international creditors, such as Germany, to grant it significant debt relief.
Without a cut in its debt, Athens says, it cannot hope to recover economically _ an argument also supported by the International Monetary Fund.
Greece has been relying on emergency loans from three consecutive multi-billion euro bailouts from other European Union countries using the euro currency, and the IMF, since 2010. While the United States has not been involved in Greece’s bailout, Athens has long seen it as an ally that could apply pressure on creditors.
“The visit of President Obama is a clear message to all of us and to the rest of the world that we need to keep pursuing policies that create growth, employment and social cohesion,” Nikos Pappas, a close associate of Tsipras who was named digital policy minister in a recent reshuffle, told the AP ahead of the visit. “We are very happy to see that in the recent years the US administration has been on the same page as we are in terms of these policies and this direction. We expect this message is going to be reiterated.”
The U.S. has praised Greek efforts to overhaul its economy but has repeatedly stressed the country must continue with painful reforms. The country’s bailout funds are disbursed following reviews by international debt inspectors of mandated reforms.
The government will also be looking for recognition of the country’s role in Europe’s refugee crisis, which saw hundreds of thousands of refugees pass through Greece from Turkey on their way to the more prosperous countries of the European north, and for US pressure on the rest of Europe to help shoulder the burden. Following the closure of Balkan land borders and the reluctance of some European countries to host refugees, more than 60,000 people are stranded in Greece, most living in often poor conditions in overcrowded camps dotted around the country.
Rights organizations have urged Obama to use his visit to highlight these people’s plight and Europe’s response to the crisis.
Obama should “shine the spotlight not only on abysmal conditions for the tens of thousands of refugees stranded in Greece, but also on the failure of world leaders to adequately address the wider global refugee crisis,” John Dalhuisen, Amnesty International’s Europe director, said in a statement.
Human Rights Watch said Obama “should call on EU leaders to defend universal human rights and show greater responsibility for refugees.”