Nepal: Madhesis protest outside British embassy against 1816 treaty

The protesters were holding banners with slogans like "Void the Treaty - Free Our Land", "Madheshis Want Their Land Back".

By: PTI | Kathmandu | Published: December 8, 2016 9:54 pm
madheshis, madheshis protests, british-nepal treaty, nepal treaty, madheshis treaty, madheshis land, nepal news, world news, latest news, indian express The Alliance for Independent Madhesh (AIM) led by C K Raut marked the “day as a black day in the history of Madhesh, when Nepali colonisation and enslavement started.” (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Madhesi activists today held demonstration outside British Embassy here on the bicentennial of the 1816 British-Nepal treaty under which land of Madheshis in Terai region was handed over by the British Government to the King of Nepal. The protesters were holding banners with slogans like “Void the Treaty – Free Our Land”, “Madheshis Want Their Land Back”, “200 Years of Slavery – Now Free Madhesh”.

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Under the British-Nepal treaty of December 8, 1816, the land of Madheshis was handed over by the British Government to the King of Nepal in lieu of paying Rs two lakhs per annum.

The Alliance for Independent Madhesh (AIM) led by C K Raut marked the “day as a black day in the history of Madhesh, when Nepali colonisation and enslavement started.”

The alliance further demanded entry of Madhesh into the Commonwealth of Nations, as it was once ruled by the British and the British officials used to collect taxes and revenues from Madhesh/Terai directly.

AIM subcoordinator Kailash Mahato said the British Government through the treaty handed over the eastern part of Madhesh/Terai, between the Koshi and the Rapti rivers, to the King of Nepal instead of paying Rs two lakhs per year.

While doing so, the British Government put a condition explicitly in the treaty stating “the Rajah of Nipal agrees to refrain from prosecuting any inhabitants of the Terai, after its revertance to his rule, on account of having favoured the cause of the British Government during the war.”

But the condition, Mahato said, was never complied by the Government of Nepal, and the Madheshis became victims of “Nepali colonisation, discrimination, racism and slavery” from the very first days Madhesh was annexed to Nepal by the British Government.

Therefore, the alliance argued that, as the condition infixed in the treaty has never been complied by the Government of Nepal, the treaty should be void by itself and Madhesh should be independent.

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  1. M
    Dec 9, 2016 at 10:52 am
    kasto pahadi chorharu cha ganga sam nepal re laz pani lagdena...itohas yo muji pahadi lae thahe chaina..nple histry ma sabe kura wrong cha...madheshi bihar bat nple aayere...ani nple ganga sam? yesta topi lae hanu bahek aru tarika baat madhes sawatantra hudena? jati bahas samjhota le kehi hunebala china....jai madhesh
    1. A
      Dec 8, 2016 at 5:22 pm
      Absurd mis interpretation of history. These RAW puppets should learn history diligently. Southern Terai has remained integral part of Nepal since historixal times. Infact in the past Nepal's southern borders was upto river ganges and all of the plains were known as Nepal. lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;However during anglo nepal war when first draft of sougauli treaty was made, british proposed nepal to cede all of its fertile and forested plains, which king of Nepal refused. Thus in the final version british maintained nepla's pre-war southern plains and aksed to cede only eastern lands from mechi river and western lands from mahakali river. Infact present day sikkim, north bengal, uttarakhand and himanchal pradesh were nepali territory then. But india refused to handover those territory after british left.
      1. K
        Dec 9, 2016 at 7:46 pm
        As a Nepali citizen, I am very disturbed of this news and the unpleasant divisive rhetoric of a few madheshi activists trying to divide the peace and harmony of Nepal. In fact they are the most beneficiary ethnic group throughout the history of Nepal. For example, the first President and the vice-president of new Nepal is a madhesi, many madhesi students were given free educational scholarships for higher studies, most so called political madhesi leaders dwell in Kathmandu rather than their consuencies, so on, yet they are not happy. This cannot be just a simple rhetoric coming from madhesis but must be a hidden agenda of India. When India treat Kashmiris as criminal rebels and stani puppets (who want to take away Kashmir from India to join with stan), why India cannot think those disgruntled madhesi faction the same, instead supports these thugs?lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;This particular madhesi group now asking questions to British government why these madhesi provinces were not given to India instead of to Nepal at the time when they were defining the Indian continent. This is an absurd and disturbing thoughts in them. If they are bonafied Nepali citizens, they must love and respect the country where they born, live and made their fortunes, else they can move to the country which they;br/gt;This is a sole mistake of India to create divisions among Nepalese. Why India is so interested in Nepal's consution and interfere in Nepal's internal matter. Why cannot it mind its own business. What if Nepal ask India to amend their consution for the benefits of millions of suppressed Nepalese who have been treated as a second cl citizen throughout its history. This is insane. India must stop supporting these separatists whoever they are madhesis, kashmiris, sikhs, in order to maintain regional peace and security of people. India will not be a peaceful country if it tries to divide other countries for sure.
        1. Nanu Dhoti
          Dec 9, 2016 at 6:14 am
          Beta apna dum samhal, nepal to samhala nahi jata hai, Indus-ganges-delta civilization baputi sampati samjhte ho. itihas fir se padh. sikkim= sikkimese ka hai, north bengal= bengali ka hai, uttarakhand and himanchal pradesh=himachali ka hai, isi tarah Madesh= Madhesi ka hai na ki nasalbadi nepali ka hai.
          1. S
            Sharma Ji
            Dec 9, 2016 at 9:43 am
            Look at the 'Skandha Purna', then you will understand the border of Nepal from Udisa to Kashmir , Lkahnou to Tibbet. Yes treaty with british should void, because The Nepali land Darjelling, sikkim., asam, kanpur, gadhwal has not returned by India.
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