Military strength: How do India, China and Pakistan compare?

India is flanked by a security threat from the east and west by China and Pakistan. While Pakistan's military is in the hands of unpredictable generals obsessed with Kashmir, China's military expansion has taken the world by surprise. data shows where the three countries stand in terms of their military might.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: July 18, 2017 5:21 pm
 india, china, india-china relations, china aircraft carrier, india military, indian navy, arms race, india economy, india-china-economy, world news, india news, indian express Aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya; centre, taking party in Indian Navy’s Theatre Level Exercise. (Source: Twitter/@indiannavy)

India, Pakistan and China–three neighbours that are part of one of the most volatile regions in the world in terms of border security and international territorial conflict. India is flanked by a security threat from the east and west by China and Pakistan. While Pakistan’s military is in the hands of unpredictable generals obsessed with Kashmir, China’s military expansion has taken the world by surprise.

India’s military prowess is growing every year. It continues to face threats on both the eastern and western fronts from Pakistan, China, internally through militancy, Maoists and terrorist outfits. At such a time, India prepares for the most adverse situations and is in the process of a large military modernisation and overhaul. India has been fast developing new military technology, acquiring what is required, manufacturing weapons, aircraft, naval vessels etc to make India’s military a strong force to handle these threats. India’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles program has also caused concerns for India’s adversaries. Adding to this, the increased pace of acquisitions and commissioning of defence equipment shows that India is wary of the threats and wants to upgrade and bolster the military as much as possible.

READ | What is India’s military strength?

READ | What is China’s military strength?

READ | What is Pakistan’s military strength? data shows where the three countries stand in terms of their military might:

India, China, Pakistan, military strength Here is a comparison of the military might of India, Pakistan and China. Source (

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army is the defence service force of China. PLA was formed in 1972 and it comprises ground forces, naval forces, artillery, armed police and air force. Chinese law mandates mandatory military service for its citizens and the bulk of the force is made of personnel in the age bracket of 18-49 years. Due to the huge number of volunteers the PLA gets each year, it has never had to enforce conscription. Despite being the largest Army, it is not the most modern force in the world considering the budget it allocates for defence. In 2017, Chinese defence budget allocation was $152 billion.

The Pakistani threat is increased by virtue of its ever increasing engagement with China. As the forces attain higher interoperability with the China Pakistan Economic Corridor in the works, the security situation on the western front now becomes even more serious. The country has had close ties with China since the 1960s and both countries are actively involved in military technology exchange and development of weapons systems. It sources the bulk of its military equipment and supplies from the US and China.

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  1. D
    Oct 19, 2017 at 7:05 am
    Tiny Pakistan like tiny North Korea has no Uranium so they are fake nuclear powers. Some countries are using both these tiny lands as base. China is equipped with some modern military technology by her Jewish friends via Israel. Thus most so called modern weapons in China are U.S. technology based. India now has a military edge over China we must enhance this further.
    1. R
      Randian Media.... Fake News....
      Sep 6, 2017 at 2:25 am
      And More Importantly.... In comparison with Pakistan Army.... Indian Army has lack of the followings.. 1. Military Discipline 2. Professionalism 3. Outclass Training 4. Bravery 5. Dignity among Civil Ins utions 6. Honor within Public 7. Huge Communication Gaps between the Tri Services ... 8. Huge differences between Officers and Soldiers .. 9. Lack of Facility to Soldiers... The Soldiers who have no Food or Something to eat what kind of war they will fight.....
      1. W
        Sep 29, 2017 at 11:07 pm
        what an !!!have you ever seen indian soldiers?if according to you indian army lacks so many things as compared to pakistani army then how were we able to you in 1965 , 1971 and kargil war .All the points you made maybe true for pakistani army thats why you lost every war you had with india.MOTHER IN LOOSERS!!!
        1. V
          Oct 4, 2017 at 2:59 pm
          yeah right !!! maybe that's why Pakistan army has never won a war with India ! That's why Pakistani soldiers their pants every time they go on a war with India...Paki soldiers are beaten badly by the Indian're right !! hahahhahahahaha ROFL
        2. R
          Randian Media.... Fake News....
          Sep 6, 2017 at 2:10 am
          7. In Indian Army....the soldiers or Jawans has to face off lot of punishment on little things. They are treated like animals and slaves and beaten up badly..... 8. Indian Army is the One and only Army in the world...which has a high rate of suicide... Suicide is a very common in Indian Army. Officers and soldiers commit suicide on the at ude and carelessness of senior management... 9. Indian Army is the One and only Army in the world, of which soldiers are compelled to buy military Medals from local shops Just to raise and to show their braveness..
          1. V
            Oct 4, 2017 at 2:56 pm
            which drugs are you high on ? Indian army is one of the best armies in the world. No doubt it has very strict rules and training regime but the soldiers are never treated badly. They are given the best of facilities and very good ries as per their ranks. They are proud of their job and lives...I know it coz I have many close relatives serving in Army. Please stop writing here if you have no idea about it....and trust me, if an Indian army man reads this comment of yours, they will either laugh at you or just beat the outta you !!!
          2. R
            Randian Media.... Fake News....
            Sep 6, 2017 at 2:08 am
            The Reality of Indian Army... 1. India is the World's No.1 and largest importer of Military Weapons and Equipment as well..(on the other side Indian people are dying just lack of food and they have no houses or proper places or shelters to live.. ) 2. Indian Army is the One and only Army in the world...which have countless senior Officer's murders done by their own soldiers or Jawans.....on different types of issues...) 3. In Indian Army....soldiers have no access to the proper food. There is a huge food crises within Armed Forces... 4. In Indian Army....the coward soldiers on the spot runs away from the battlefield to save their lives when they feel that it is hard to fight... 5. In Indian Army....soldiers submit leave applications on time when there is tough time on Indian Army.... 6. In Indian Army....the soldiers are cowardly involved in making fake or mock action videos just to get a promotion or rewards..
            1. P
              Jul 19, 2017 at 12:36 am
              Barking dogs seldom bite. However, India must call Chinese bluff to be a world power. Clearly, a war with China will open fronts all across Indo-Chinese border. Pak will aid China by opening fronts across Indo-Pak borders. The 5th column of Pak in Kashmir will activate sleeper cells. The 5th column of China in Darjeeling and north-east will aid and abet their war efforts. This will be a long drawn affair India will reach the brink of exercising its nuclear options. Diplomatically, India will enjoy international support excepting from the usual suspects in the middle-east. Result will be loss of Indian territory temporarily to China. China will suffer economic debacle- India being a leading importer of its goods. War will create instability in some parts of China. Pakistan will not be able to sustain war efforts. Their problems will be compounded by not so friendly Afghanistan. Sikkim will also temporarily lose territory to China. Finally, Russia will mediate to end the war.
              1. R
                Ravi rawat
                Aug 22, 2017 at 9:51 pm
                You fool go to and ask your mom who is your fathert
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