The Sunni militant group which is at the centre of the ongoing crisis in Iraq has been attracting attention from all over the world during the past one week. The onslaught that started with the capture of the second largest city of Iraq, Mosul, has reached to the seizure of main oil refinery of Iraq.
What is ISIL
The militants are the members of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), an al Qaeda-inspired group, which aims to establish a caliphate (an Islamic state) in the Sunni majority regions of Iraq, later expanding this to include Syria.
Iraq’s Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has accused regional Sunni powerhouse Saudi Arabia of backing the militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, who want to carve out a Sunni caliphate in the heart of the Middle East.