India modernising its nuclear arsenal with eye on China instead of Pakistan: US nuclear experts

India continues to modernise its atomic arsenal with an eye on China and the country's nuclear strategy which traditionally focused on Pakistan now appears to place increased emphasis on the Communist giant, two top American nuclear experts have said.

By: PTI | Washington | Updated: July 13, 2017 11:03 am
India Nuclear, India nuclear arsenal, atomic arsenal, India, China, Pakistan, Sikkim, US nuclear experts, After Midnight, World news, Indian Express news India’s nuclear strategy, which has traditionally focused on Pakistan, now appears to place increased emphasis on China, the two experts claimed. (File photo)

India continues to modernise its atomic arsenal with an eye on China and the country’s nuclear strategy which traditionally focused on Pakistan now appears to place increased emphasis on the Communist giant, two top American nuclear experts have said. An article published in the July-August issue of the digital journal ‘After Midnight’ has also claimed that India is now developing a missile which can target all of China from its bases in South India.

India is estimated to have produced enough plutonium for 150–200 nuclear warheads but has likely produced only 120–130, wrote Hans M Kristensen and Robert S Norris in the article-“Indian nuclear forces 2017″. India’s nuclear strategy, which has traditionally focused on Pakistan, now appears to place increased emphasis on China, the two experts claimed. While India has traditionally been focused on deterring Pakistan, its nuclear modernisation indicates that it is putting increased emphasis on its future strategic relationship with China,” they wrote.

“That adjustment will result in significantly new capabilities being deployed over the next decade that may influence how India views nuclear weapons’ role against Pakistan,” they said.

Noting that India continues to modernise its nuclear arsenal with development of several new nuclear weapon systems, the two experts estimate that New Delhi currently operates seven nuclear-capable systems: two aircraft, four land-based ballistic missiles, and one sea-based ballistic missile. “At least four more systems are in development. The development program is in a dynamic phase, with long-range land- and sea-based missiles emerging for possible deployment within the next decade,” it said.

India is estimated to have produced approximately 600 kilograms of weapon-grade plutonium, sufficient for 150–200 nuclear warheads; however, not all the material has been converted into nuclear warheads, it said. Based on available information about its nuclear-capable delivery force structure and strategy, we estimate that India has produced 120–130 nuclear warheads, the article said adding that the country will need more warheads to arm the new missiles it is currently developing.

Kristensen and Norris said that the two-stage, solid-fuel, rail-mobile Agni-2, an improvement on the Agni-1, which can deliver a nuclear or conventional warhead more than 2,000 kilometres is probably targeted on western, central, and southern China. Although the Agni-4 will be capable of striking targets in nearly all of China from northeastern India (including Beijing and Shanghai), India is also developing the longer-range Agni-5, a three-stage, solid-fuel, rail-mobile, near-intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) capable of delivering a warhead more than 5,000 kilometres (3,100-plus miles), it said.

“The extra range will allow the Indian military to establish Agni-5 bases in central and southern India, further away from China,” the research article said.

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  1. D
    Dr.Singh
    Jul 14, 2017 at 3:29 am
    All fake data for outside consumption. India has several tons of Plutonium-239 (due mainly to Dr. Bhabha) and can field several thousand nuclear warheads third largest nal on this globe after Russia and the USA. We have 300 kiloton devices on missiles and megaton devices on aircraft launched bombs. Also the AGNI-5 ICBM is long ago deployed officially. India now has the AGNI-6-MIRV ready to be demonstrated. Mr. Modi is delaying this as he is influenced by the Jews. This missile will any case be demonstrated since Mr. Modi does not run the show. There are brilliant Indian nationalists running the show. Please ignore foreign planted news or research it. China is Jewish armed.
    Reply
    1. B
      Boot Polish
      Jul 13, 2017 at 7:01 pm
      CHAPTAZ TODAY ARE BIGGEST KUKLERZ OF ISLAMIK JIHADIZ. BIGGEST EATERS OF PIGS MEAT. BIGGEST DRINKERS OF PIGblood. BIGGEST BANNED ISLAMIK POPAT NAMES IN CHINA THEY BANNED TOTALLY. Y PAK AND ENTIRE ISLAMIK WORLDWIDE PPL ARE FRENDZ OF CHAPTAZ??
      Reply
      1. N
        NamwarSingh
        Jul 14, 2017 at 5:26 am
        The Jews are afraid of the Pig never eat pork yet they are very close to the Chinese. Pakistani nuclear program is a hoax they have no Uranium got a bomb or two from Communist China. Just a psychological weapon not a real one. I am an Indian and in the tradition of my ancestors hunt wild-pig. Top quality meat. The Jews have no influence or control on me I live in India not USA.
        Reply
      2. L
        L bhadrapati Devi
        Jul 13, 2017 at 6:44 pm
        US want a fighting of India and China in view of China and India becoming growing power in the world. If war happens, both will be harmed. India will be severely affected in economy being a democratic country. China may do proxy war in Kashmir and North East using separatist elements. Even our support to Tibet and Uygur nationalities to wage war against China will have little impact. Resolving the crisis at the earliest to prevent collateral damage to the both country.
        Reply
        1. N
          NamwarSingh
          Jul 14, 2017 at 5:28 am
          You are wrong India and China will never fight if they do it is Third World War thus all will vanish. Also China and Jews are a single unit.
          Reply
        2. B
          Boot Polish
          Jul 13, 2017 at 6:12 pm
          INDIA CN TRY MAK MORE FRENDZ WID CHAPTAZ DUSHMANZ. AND AVOID CHAPTAZ FREND PAK. ACTUALLY PAK WAS CHAPTAZ FREND BEFORE. BUT FRM NOW, PAK IS CHAMCHA, JOOTA POLISHER OF CHAPTAZ.
          Reply
          1. C
            chang woo
            Jul 13, 2017 at 5:50 pm
            so you want to make trouble with china we are getting to the end of our patience with you indians you steal our land and you keep on war talking you are making china look like a soft coward we warn you leave our land while you can or we wont be responisable if you wanted to talk you would not havee poured so many troops /all this weapon piling gone to your head and you now start stealing chinas land get out thief you have been worned /you are trying to make china look cowardly
            Reply
            1. J
              jack
              Jul 13, 2017 at 6:12 pm
              Mr Chinese, think very hard before you make any comments in Indian press. Tibet does not belong to you yet you have taken it, you have taken over the shallow sea lands near Japan in International waters, you want Maldives you have stolen all the Copper and Diamonds from Africa don't forget that you have killed all the Elephants in world. You people are greedy have no regards for human beings, you have also eaten all the Cats, dogs and Rats in your country...tell me what more do you want !! We will not give up our land, remember we have history older then yours and we can fight when there is a NEED !!
              Reply
              1. R
                Raj
                Jul 13, 2017 at 8:18 pm
                Pakistani pretending.
                Reply
              2. R
                Reality
                Jul 13, 2017 at 4:42 pm
                I think we revel in the fact that we can beat Porkistani pi gs at will. But China is the country we should be comparing ourselves with. Ignore the Porki pi g s' mulladom.
                Reply
                1. C
                  chang woo
                  Jul 13, 2017 at 6:07 pm
                  stop your boastiing reality/more war talk /you must be a lower caste with every thing to gain ie dead hindus buisnesses and property after war
                  Reply
                  1. M
                    MSA
                    Jul 14, 2017 at 1:24 am
                    You keep shut. Blot on India, you are too it's Integrity.
                    Reply
                  2. D
                    DDCA
                    Jul 13, 2017 at 4:14 pm
                    We all know the thermonuclear device that former PM Vajpayee of BJP asked Indian so called scientists to explode in the Phokhran II WAS THE BIGGEST DUD A COUNTRY COULD HAVE PRODUCED. AND INDIA HAS 230 OF THOSE DUDS IN ITS NAL. You fools of India!
                    Reply
                    1. I
                      iii
                      Jul 13, 2017 at 4:07 pm
                      As an Indian a s s o l e with absolutely no brain, I cannot wait to believe some C R A P written by white skinned masters. I as an a s s o l e brahmin I did the same with the British.
                      Reply
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