Russian President Vladimir Putin asked parliament Tuesday to cancel a resolution sanctioning the use of military force in Ukraine, a move his Ukrainian counterpart heralded as a “practical step” toward bringing peace to a region roiled by a separatist insurgency.
Putin’s announcement came after pro-Russia rebels in eastern Ukraine said Monday they would respect a cease-fire declared by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, raising hopes for an end to months of fighting that have killed hundreds and driven thousands from their homes.
A statement on the Kremlin website announced that Putin had asked the head of Russia’s upper house of parliament to cancel his March 1 request authorizing the use of force on Ukrainian territory. The pliant chamber is expected to quickly rubber-stamp the move Wednesday.
Putin needs to show his support for Poroshenko’s peace plan ahead of the European Union’ summit on Friday to avoid further Western sanctions. The EU has warned it could introduce the next round of sanctions that would target entire sectors of the Russian economy if it fails to help de-escalate the crisis.
The Brussels-based ambassador of one EU member state, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the subject, said Russia’s actions appear finely calibrated to just fall shy of the threshold that would trigger retaliatory economic measures by the trade bloc that would really bite.
At the same time, Putin may feel that he no longer needs to maintain the threat of an invasion to protect Moscow’s interests in Ukraine.
Poroshenko’s peace plan contains promises of decentralization and guarantees for protection of rights of Russian speakers, which Russia has demanded from the start of the crisis.
It wants Ukraine to give broad powers to its regions to allow Russian-speaking eastern provinces to maintain close ties with Moscow. A strong regional autonomy would also allow them to effectively block the nation’s accession into NATO, which is the Kremlin’s worst nightmare.
Putin’s request to parliament for the use of military in Ukraine came days after Ukraine’s pro-Russian president was chased from power following months of street protests. Russia sent troops that quickly overran Ukraine’s Black Sea peninsula of Crimea, setting the stage for its annexation in March after a hastily called referendum.
In April, a mutiny erupted in eastern Ukraine, where pro-Russian insurgents seized official buildings, declared their regions independent and fought government troops.
Russia deployed an estimated 40,000 troops on the Ukrainian border, sparking fears of an imminent invasion in Ukraine and in the West.
Putin pulled back the bulk of the troops in late May, but NATO accused Russia of resuming the buildup this month with a few thousand additional troops sent to the border. The U.S. and continued…