Wednesday, Nov 26, 2014

NASA Mars rover breaks out-of-this-world distance record

This artist rendering released by NASA shows the NASA rover Opportunity on the surface of Mars. (AP Photo/NASA) This artist rendering released by NASA shows the NASA rover Opportunity on the surface of Mars. (AP Photo/NASA)
Agence-France Presse | Washington | Posted: July 29, 2014 12:27 pm

The US space agency’s Opportunity rover has now clocked more miles on Mars than any man-made vehicle to reach another celestial body, NASA has said.

Since arriving on the Red Planet in 2005, the solar-powered robot has journeyed across 40 kilometres of Martian terrain.

That surpasses the previous record, held by the Soviet Union’s Lunokhod 2 rover, which landed on the Moon in 1973.

Opportunity rover has journeyed across 40 kilometres of Martian terrain. (Source: NASA.gov) Opportunity rover has journeyed across 40 kilometres of Martian terrain. (Source: NASA.gov)

“Opportunity has driven farther than any other wheeled vehicle on another world,” said Mars Exploration Rover Project Manager John Callas of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California yesterday.

“This is so remarkable considering Opportunity was intended to drive about one kilometre and was never designed for distance.”

Opportunity and its twin rover, Spirit – now defunct – discovered wet environmental conditions on ancient Mars, some of which are mild enough to have been favorable for life.

Opportunity is now exploring the Endeavour Crater on Mars.

nasarover2_475

Its next-generation robotic counterpart, the Curiosity rover, launched in 2012 and is tooling around near the Gale Crater on Mars.

NASA said that the Soviet Union’s Lunokhod 2 rover landed on Earth’s moon on January 15, 1973, and drove about 39 kilometres in less than five months.

Those figures are based on calculations recently made using images from NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) cameras that reveal Lunokhod 2’s tracks, the US space agency said.

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