What is Bharatmala Project?

Bharatmala Project, which was given the nod by the Union Cabinet on October 25, is one of the biggest highway construction projects in India in history. The government plans to get the project rolling by December next year.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Published: October 26, 2017 12:29 pm
kalka shimla highway, chanidgarh shimla time distance, road widening, landslide, mountain highway widening, nh22, parwanoo shimla highway, punjab news, indian express Construction underway of four-lane Parwanoo-Shimla Highway. (Express Photo by Jaipal Singh)

Bharatmala Project, which was cleared by the Union Cabinet on October 25, is the second largest highways construction project in the country since NHDP, under which almost 50,000 km or highway roads were targeted across the country. Bharatmala will look to improve connectivity particularly on economic corridors, border areas and far flung areas with an aim of quicker movement of cargo and boosting exports.

The project is expected to create nearly 100 million man days of jobs during the road construction and subsequently 22 million jobs as a result of the increased economic activity across the country. The construction will be billed via several routes including debt funds, budgetary allocation, private investment, toll operator transfer model etc.

Bharatmala includes economic corridors of around 9,000 km, inter-corridor and feeder routes of around 6,000 km, 5,000 km roads under the National Corridors Efficiency Program, border and international connectivity roads of around 2,000 km, coastal and port connectivity roads of around 2,000 km, expressways of around 800 km and 10,000 km of NHDP roads. The total length in phase 1 comes to around 34,800 km.

Bharatmala project will start in Gujarat and Rajasthan, followed by Punjab and subsequently traversing the Himalayan belt through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur (next to the Indo-Burmese border) and then to Mizoram. Northeastern states have been given special focus in the project and international trade is a key aspect as well.

The newer roads are expected to increase the speed of vehicles and decrease supply chain costs from the current average 18 per cent to six per cent. The Union Cabinet gave the nod to two big ticket infra projects on Tuesday with an outlay of Rs 6.92 lakh crore out of which Bharatmala Pariyojana shared Rs 5.35 lakh crore. It will also subsume 10,000 km roads under the National Highway Development Project (NHDP) program.

While the country reels under the impact of GST and demonetisation, Gadkari presented a meticulous plan to cut down costs and create jobs. “Bharatmala will bring down logistics cost, impacting exports and investment,” Gadkari said.

The main agencies tasked with the construction are the National Highways Authority of India, National Highway and Industrial Development Corporation and state public works departments.

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  1. Sujay Rao Mandavilli
    Nov 1, 2017 at 1:31 am
    Satellite city construction and greenfield city construction must also be taken up
    1. M
      Oct 26, 2017 at 5:19 pm
      Is South India not part of India? Is this Govt. only of Hindi Hindustan by Hindi Hindustan and for Hindi Hindustan?
      1. M
        Oct 26, 2017 at 5:24 pm
        Is it necessary everything and everybody has to start from only Gujarat? What sort of justice is this?
        1. H
          Nov 17, 2017 at 10:44 pm
          There are two different projects. - Bharatmala - Sagarmala Bharatmala covers the north, north-West north-east. Gujrat to Mizoram Sagarmala - Connecting to and from all major ports along with the coastal line. This includes all border to border south
        2. S
          Oct 26, 2017 at 4:41 pm
          since bjp came into power in 2014 this corrupt gadkari is saying he will build national highways, like some 100km per day or so,,dont know exactly but , now he started the story again after 3.5 years doing nothing and saying he will build bharatmala, this will not start until 2019 elections, or they will lay the foundation as they did for bullet train and will be finished in congress govt . Fit for nothing govt and its ministers, jaisa raja waisa ministers.
          1. Randeep Johal
            Oct 29, 2017 at 7:03 am
            If you don't know. Under upa road construction was in single digits Under nda road construction is around 25km a day, with the aim of achieving 40km a day
          2. S
            Oct 26, 2017 at 3:51 pm
            why not south India? modi is avoiding south india..if u continue to give the stepmother treatment then south India will leave India and form a country ..mind it...40 percent of India's GDP is dependent upon south India........
            1. Sridhara Hiriyannaiah
              Oct 26, 2017 at 4:09 pm
              I think you are not fully aware. South Indian part of peninsula is covered under Sagar Mala which would start from take off point near Surat - Konkan belt - Karwar - Dakshina kannada-Kerala-Tamil Nadu-Andhra Pradesh and finally join with Bharat mala road in Orissa. This is also sanctioned in principle and feasibility studies are going on.
              1. M
                Oct 26, 2017 at 5:21 pm
                Is it necessary everything and everybody has to start from Gujarat? What sort of justice is that?
                1. R
                  Oct 29, 2017 at 6:51 am
                  Mtv - So do you want to change India's Geography or do you deny that Gujarat is also a coastal state?
                  1. S
                    Oct 31, 2017 at 3:34 pm
                    u fool.....bharatmala is a highway project while sagarmala is about developing and modernizing ports and harbours....study first and then blabber later.
                  2. Randeep Johal
                    Oct 29, 2017 at 7:04 am
                    Had you watched the government video release, it clearly shows road construction throughout India including the south, east, north and west.
                  3. R
                    Ranjan Dubey
                    Oct 26, 2017 at 2:36 pm
                    This is a very good initiative. Most of all it will help improve the cow belt and stop people from cow belt go begging for jobs at the doorsteps of other states.
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