What is Nowruz: Everything you need to know about the Iranian New Year

Nowruz: In India, the Parsi community, who follow Zoroastrianism, celebrate Navroz with full fervour

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Published:March 21, 2017 10:12 am
Navroz, Iranian New Year, Parsi New Year, what is navroz, when is navroz, parsi festivals, india news, latest news, indian express Navroz, the Iranian New Year, is the biggest festival in the Pari calendar. (File Photo)

Nowruz, also spelled as Navroz, is the Iranian New Year celebrated by ethnic Iranian people. Several ethno-linguistic communities around the world irrespective of their religious background observe it as the start of the New Year. In India, the Parsi community, who follow Zoroastrianism, celebrate Navroz with full fervour. This year, it falls on March 21.

What are the origins of Navroz? Which communities celebrate Navroz?

Navroz is the beginning of the New Year for several communities. It dates back as far as the 6th Century BC, back when the Iranian community were homogeneously Zoroastrians. Once the community divided over the course of history, people of Iranian origin worldwide continued following Zoroastrian traditions and with that the Iranian New Year as well.

What is the significance of Navroz?

Apart from the difference of one or two days, the Iranian community celebrates Navroz on March 21. March 21 is the first day of the Iranian calendar. It is also marked as the day King Jamshid was crowned as the King of Persia. King Jamshid holds a great significance in Zoroastrianism and the day of his coronation is generally considered to be the beginning of the New Year among Iranian people. It is interestingly the first day of the Aries constellation. Navroz is also the day of the Spring equinox and the rituals are performed based on the movements of the sun during the course of the day.

How is it celebrated in India?

In India, the Parsi community celebrate the Iranian New Year in a similar fashion as is around the world. People decorate their houses and wear new clothes on the occasion of Navroz. A visit to the Fire Temple, the place of worship of the Parsi community, is a ritual followed on Navroz every morning. Special prayers are offered and once the religious rituals are done, Parsis celebrate the day with various delicacies. In India, prominent numbers of the Parsi community still remain in Mumbai and Gujarat, who celebrate Navroz with ardour.

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  1. C
    Cleanermirror
    Mar 21, 2017 at 11:22 am
    Very Happy Navroze to all those Celebrating.
    Reply
    1. J
      jaka khan
      Mar 21, 2017 at 3:03 pm
      #MAGA
      Reply
      1. K
        kg
        Mar 21, 2017 at 8:56 am
        Poor Iranian people,their culture and religion ravaged and destro by the Arabic Islam and now they enslave themselves.All Iranians were Parsis before and had great culture, architecture and literature.Now they wear black, keep beards and put caps and think they have chosen the right path.Pity.
        Reply
        1. M
          Mahender Goriganti
          Mar 21, 2017 at 6:06 am
          Navroz is a direct derivative of Sanskrit Nava=new; rooz= day. Iranians are by culture and nature are more of Zoroastrians than Muslims.Their new year is very similar to Telugu/Karnataka Ugadi (new year) in the same month based on similar calendar.
          Reply
          1. M
            Mohammed Yunus
            Mar 21, 2017 at 8:00 am
            Navroze is the celebration of spring in Iran, a religious ceremony practised in India with half heart thanks to modernization. Zoroastrians who landed at Sanjan bunder in Gujarat some 1400 years ago promised to the then Hindu King Jadi Rana to mix in Hindutva culture like sugar in milk. Zoroastrians, who fled Iran for preserving their religion of holy fire from Islamic forces. Now known to us as Paris, a non violent and philanthropic community who builded this nation's foundation from the very beginning. Parsis are known for their honesty and righteousness but I am sad their potion is facing extinction. We will not forget JRD Tata, Freddie Mercury, Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, Godrej, Batliboi, Rasna, Boman Irani and all those leading doctors and industrialists across the globe.
            Reply
            1. M
              Mohammed Yunus
              Mar 21, 2017 at 8:07 am
              Zoroastrianism is similar to Indian culture, has absolutely no bearing with Islam. The Zoroastrian black cap that they wear is to prevent hair fall in the fire temple. A religion with no fanaticism or aggressive on other religions.
              Reply
              1. S
                Santosh
                Mar 21, 2017 at 9:58 am
                I wish all my Parsi brothers and sisters a very very happy navroz(i.e Happy new year). May it being Peace and prosperity.
                Reply
                1. S
                  Saroj.kumar
                  Mar 21, 2017 at 2:40 pm
                  Saroj.kumar
                  Reply
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