Years ago, Google built a social network separate from its prized asset, web search. The effort failed. Now the company is trying again, only this time, it’s turning its search engine into something that looks a lot like the news feed of a social network.
The Alphabet Inc. unit is introducing a tailored feed of news, entertainment and myriad web content based on users’ searches, YouTube video views and other personal information. It will appear, starting Wednesday, beneath the famous Google search box in the company’s search app. It’s looking at ways to bring the feature to mobile web browsers later, while the desktop homepage will stay the same.
The changes are a major step for a company that’s still adjusting to the dominance of mobile computing. Since the company started in 1998, it has kept the landing page of its search engine sparse. Even minor tweaks are weighty decisions because the service generates billions of dollars a quarter in profit. Wednesday’s announcement is also an acknowledgment that Facebook Inc.’s News Feed has become one of the most addictive ways to consume digital information on smartphones. Other tech companies have come to similar conclusions. LinkedIn has added more scrolling feed-like features, and this week Amazon.com Inc. launched Spark, a feed of shoppable product stories, pictures and ideas.
Google’s new search feed is an expansion of an older mobile service called Google Now. Yet some new bells and whistles — information from local trends and an ability to “follow” public figures, for instance — give Google’s search feed a similar feel to the Facebook News Feed.
“We want people to understand they’re consuming information from Google,” Sashi Thakur, a Google engineering vice president, said. “It will just be without a query.”
Google has long been interested in making search more personal and proactive. When users are logged into their Google accounts, search results are already heavily personalized. Google Now attempted to provide similar relevant information like sports scores and driving directions before people typed queries, but it hasn’t been as popular as other services from the company, such as traditional search, Maps and the Chrome browser.
The feed will get a lot more exposure because it will stream on the launch page of Google’s namesake mobile app on Android and Apple Inc. mobile devices. The company is looking to bring it to mobile web browsers, although it didn’t say when. “It should have roughly the same behavior” as a news feed, Thakur said.
Still, Google’s new search feed won’t behave exactly like social networks. That includes Google Plus, the costly and now skeletal effort to create a direct Facebook competitor. “This feed is really about your interests and what you are doing,” said Ben Gomes, a veteran Google search executive. “It’s not really about what your friends are interested in.”
In addition to search history, the feed pulls data from users’ location, email, digital calendars and YouTube views. The lack of a popular, rolling stream of online content has been considered one of the few weak points in Google’s business, fueling frequent takeover speculation of tinier social network Twitter Inc.
Gomes said the new feed won’t include paid content at the onset, but he didn’t rule that out in the future. With a feed, Google could command more user time inside search. That’s been a concern for the company as Facebook and other mobile apps have grabbed more of the time people spend online.
With a feed, Google also exposes itself to criticism Facebook has faced for showing people articles that are false or that reinforce their political positions. Google has taken steps to address this. In April, the company said it rewrote its search algorithm to de-prioritize intentionally misleading content. “We’ve been thoughtful about designing a user experience that highlights a variety of perspectives,” a company spokeswoman said. As always with its search algorithm, Google declined to share how it does this.