IIT, IISC faculty call Facebook Free Basics misleading, deeply flawed

Facebook's Free Basics is deeply flawed and controversial, says a joint statement from IIT and IISc professors.

Written by Tech Desk | Updated: December 31, 2015 10:24 am
Facebook Free Basics, Free Basics IIT faculty, IIT Faculty letter,Free basics, Facebook,  IIT teachers, Free Basics debate, #NetNeutrality, Net Neutrality in India, #SaveTheInternet, Internet in India, TRAI, Free Basics ban, technology, technology news Facebook Free Basics app is controversial and flawed, says a statement from IIT professors across India.

Facebook’s Free Basics is deeply flawed and controversial, says a joint statement from IIT and IISc professors. The statement has been shared on Facebook by IIT Bombay Professor Bhaskaran Raman on a Google Doc.

The statement is unequivocal in its criticism of Facebook’s Free Basics app, which has come under fire in India in light of the Net Neutrality debate. The statement notes that a private entity cannot be allowed to define what basic internet services should constitute and that the app will give Facebook access to personal content and data.

The teachers raise privacy concerns, and say that the service is not really free as telecom operators will try and recover the cost of Free Basics services from elsewhere. The statement adds that Free Basics violates the core principle of Net Neutrality and TRAI needs to reject the app.

Watch our video series on Net Neutrality 

Facebook on its part has maintained that it does not store user data, that the service is free and any developer is welcome to join their app. In a recent statement, the company has also said that it is open to adding other rival social networks like Twitter, Google on the Free Basics platform as well.

The full text of statement is below ,

Allowing a private entity

• to define for Indian Internet users what is ‘basic’,
• to control what content costs how much, and
• to have access to the personal content created and used by millions of Indians

is a lethal combination which will lead to total lack of freedom on how Indians can use their own public utility, the Internet. Facebook’s ‘free basics’ proposal is such a lethal combination, having several deep flaws, beneath the veil of altruism wrapped around it in TV and other media advertisements, as detailed below.

1) Flaw 1: Facebook defines what is ‘basic’.

The first obvious flaw in the proposal is that Facebook assumes control of defining what a ‘basic’ service is. They have in fact set up an interface for services to ‘submit’ themselves to Facebook for approval to be a ‘basic’ service. This means: what are the ‘basic’ digital services Indians will access using their own air waves will be decided by a private corporation, and that too one based on foreign soil. The sheer absurdity of this is too obvious to point out.

Also see: Facebook’s Free Basics: 9 Indian startup CEOs jointly write to TRAI chairman against it

To draw an analogy, suppose a chocolate company wishes to provide ‘free basic food’ for all Indians, but retains control of what constitutes ‘basic’ food — this would clearly be absurd. Further, if the same company defines its own brand of ‘toffee’ as a ‘basic’ food, it would be doubly absurd and its motives highly questionable. While the Internet is not as essential as food, that the Internet is a public utility touching the lives of rich and poor alike cannot be denied. What Facebook is proposing to do with this public utility is no different from the hypothetical chocolate company. In fact, it has defined itself to be the first ‘basic’ service, as evident from Reliance’s ads on Free Facebook. Now, it will require quite a stretch of imagination to classify Facebook as ‘basic’. This is why Facebook’s own ad script writers have prompted Mr. Zuckerberg to instead make emotional appeals of education and healthcare for the poor Indian masses; these appeals are misleading, to say the least.
Flaw 2: Facebook will have access to all your apps’ contents.

The second major flaw in the model, is that Facebook would be able to decrypt the contents of the ‘basic’ apps on its servers. This flaw is not visible to the lay person as it’s a technical detail, but it has deep and disturbing implications. Since Facebook can access un-encrypted contents of users’ ‘basic’ services, either we get to consider health apps to be not basic, or risk revealing health records of all Indians to Facebook. Either we get to consider our banking apps to be not ‘basic’, or risk exposing the financial information of all Indians to Facebook. And so on. This is mind boggling even under normal circumstances, and even more so considering the recent internal and international snooping activities by the NSA in the US.

Must read: Facebook Free Basics controversy: Here’s what has happened so far

Flaw 3: It’s not free.

The third flaw is that the term ‘free’ in ‘free basics’ is a marketing gimmick. If you see an ad which says ‘buy a bottle of hair oil, get a comb free’, you know that the cost of the comb is added somewhere. If something comes for free, its cost has to appear somewhere else. Telecom operators will have to recover the cost of ‘free basic’ apps from the non-free services (otherwise, why not make everything free?). So effectively, whatever Facebook does not consider ‘basic’ will cost more.

If Facebook gets to decide what costs how much, in effect Indians will be surrendering their digital freedom, and freedom in the digital economy, to Facebook. So this is not an issue of elite Indians able to pay for the Internet versus poor Indians, as Facebook is trying to portray. It is an issue of whether all Indians want to surrender their digital freedom to Facebook.

Also see: TRAI floats new Consulation paper, lists disadvantages of zero-rating plans

That the ‘Free Basics’ proposal is flawed as above is alarming but not surprising, for it violates one of the core architectural principles of Internet design: net neutrality. Compromising net neutrality, an important design principle of the Internet, would invariably lead to deep consequences on people’s freedom to access and use information. We therefore urge that the TRAI should support net neutrality in its strongest form, and thoroughly reject Facebook’s ‘free basics’ proposal.

Watch our video on Facebook explaining Free Basics and Internet.org

Read our full Net Neutrality coverage here.

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First Published on: December 30, 2015 10:15 am
  1. S
    Jan 3, 2016 at 5:43 am
    Indians are more smart than they look. Zuckerberg is an who thinks he can easily fool indians by his sweet little talk and by his stupid adverts.
    1. S
      sony ericsson
      Jan 1, 2016 at 4:47 am
      yes compare apples to oranges
      1. S
        Jan 1, 2016 at 4:43 pm
        Mark Zuckerberg is undoubtedly a smart and intelligent fellow . But how can he umed that Indians will accept his noble project of zero net connectivity with a neutral and unbiased internet browsing . He is not going to open here in India a charitable trust to provide average Indians free internet connectivity .By observing that some Indians have been fooled by 'gao-mata' , 'holy-cow' , 'acchay din ' and ' savkay vikas sabkay saath' campaign by some selective websites and media , they can easily be fooled by this version of DIGITAL INDIA ! He again trying to identify himself with the poor Indians who don't have the internet connectivity. And thus trying to show the 'WORLD OF HIS CHOICE' to the seemingly lesser formally educated Indians through his selective truncated and biased version of internet. The present rulers and their mentors exactly collaborating this idea of making this country a polarized , fractured and intolerance society so that people of this country cannot make any organized movement and make any voice against price rise , administrative price rise and anti farmer anti labor , anti people laws and there implementations . And whenever necessary they will unleashed their political lumpens to throttle any voice of equality, justice and freedom and thus can easily sell off our economy to the multinational corporates in the name of OPENING UP. If they able to make internet their own toy they will rapidly encroach the democratic Insutions and space of liberty of our country. So they have already started to build a strong wave of business / political campaign and bribery to establish this fraudulent ideas endorsed by the handpicked particular INDIAN SERVICE PROVIDER to bulldoze past the strong anti public opinion .
        1. R
          Dec 30, 2015 at 9:06 am
          Please propose this "Free basics" services for "POOR" american citizens as well and let us -Indians know what their reaction is. Why Facebook is not that keen to promote in UNITED STATES OF AMERICA?
          1. R
            Dec 30, 2015 at 7:20 pm
            A Polite request to Mr. Zuckerberg should be - Hai bhai Kal aao, aaj saheb ghar mein nahi hai!! Try it in your Sasural (China) and come back again with a better idea
            1. R
              Dec 30, 2015 at 7:17 pm
              A closer read of those pushing "Free Basics" reveals a confusing hotchpotch of various economic theories that have been picked out of context, commingled and stretched beyond the confines of their utility. Kinda of like stretching a condom over your head and pretending it is even safer - How a tool is used is important and BIGGER is not better... What Indian’s are fighting is the CHANNEL OF DISTRIBUTION and not the GOODS itself. It would be arrogant if not naive of one person to claim that he has the answer to all of world’s problems. Just to pick a few of the convoluted ideas used to push FREE BASICS… ARGUMENT 1. Communication reduces poverty and that Internet is a basic necessity without which the world would stay enveloped in poverty. Then go on to state that “trade allows us to consume more”. And, bingo all world poverty is gone. WRONG - Man consumes “more” when he has discretionary income. The discretionary income is what remains after he meets his basic needs. It requires a stretch of imagination to imply that not having access to the internet is exposing people to poverty. Then, Mike Zuckerberg has a task carved out for himself at home - there are many Mormon homes and Native Indian Reservations that lack what are even basic amenities than internet. ARGUMENT 2. Access to goods translates into increased consumption and viola we have prosperity. WRONG again. Consumption is driven by marginal utility of goods. The marginal utility of no two people are the same; let alone vastly different demographics. Also, the marginal utility or the desire to consume reduces as one consumes more. Simply stated your desire for ice cream will diminish as you continue to gorge more of it. It would be a stretch to pretend that people will simply consume more and more and uplift themselves out of poverty ARGUMENT 3. The naive umption we are all making is debating the channel for distribution is the same as blocking the goods itself. While, we should appreciate Facebook for their effort; it obviously is not the best and only way out…
              1. s
                Dec 30, 2015 at 12:08 pm
                Its high time that these scamgressi slaves of looterri mattajji sonniya and her gang of scamgressi slave looterras like land maffios virbhadra sink,liqour maffios haris rawwat,bhanwarri rapperr gahhlot,robber uncles gulam hoodda etc. are sent in tihhar immediately for their non stop pering- activities which has led to the ultimate devastation of the economy of our country!
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