Here is a history of India-Pakistan conflict

Since August 1947 when Partition led to the creation of these two independent countries, disputes, in particular with regard to the claim over Kashmir, have been a consistent feature of the relationship between India and Pakistan.

Written by Adrija Roychowdhury | New Delhi | Updated: September 29, 2016 5:52 pm
surgical strikes, army, pakistan, pakistan infiltration, india pakistan conflict, india pakistan war, indian army, indian army surgical strikes, surgical strikes, LoC, line of control, jammu and kashmir, uri attack, poonch attack, PoK, india news The first instance of an armed conflict between the two countries was immediately after Independence and Partition in October 1947. (Wikimedia Commons)

Following the Uri attack on September 18 and the unsuccessful diplomatic conversations between India and Pakistan, the Defence Ministry on Thursday confirmed to have carried out surgical strikes along the LoC. Reportedly, the military activity has led to significant casualties being caused to terrorists who had established themselves at launchpads along the LoC with an aim to infiltrate and cause terror strikes in Jammu and Kashmir.

This is of course not the first time that the dispute between India and Pakistan has erupted into an armed conflict. Since August 1947 when Partition led to the creation of these two independent countries, disputes, in particular with regard to the claim over Kashmir, have been a consistent feature of the relationship between India and Pakistan. On several occasions the conflict over Kashmir gave way to military attacks. The only other time when Kashmir was not the main issue causing an armed struggle was during the Bangladesh liberation war of 1971.

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1947

The first instance of an armed conflict between the two countries was immediately after Independence and Partition in October 1947. The fear of Kashmir acceding to India was what had triggered the struggle. The Pakistani Army infiltrated Kashmir through tribal forces in an attempt to occupy Kashmir. This was followed by the Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh signing the agreement of accession to the dominion of India resulting in a full fledged war between India and Pakistan and the solidification of the Line of Control. Even though the war did not have a conclusive victor, India managed to claim two-thirds of Kashmir, while Pakistan got about a third of the territory.

1965

surgical strikes, army, pakistan, pakistan infiltration, india pakistan conflict, india pakistan war, indian army, indian army surgical strikes, surgical strikes, LoC, line of control, jammu and kashmir, uri attack, poonch attack, PoK, india news The war of 1965 was a result of Operation Gibralter carried out by Pakistani armed forces to occupy Kashmir. (Express Archives)

The war of 1965 was a result of Operation Gibralter carried out by Pakistani armed forces to occupy Kashmir. The operation was given the codename Gibralter in an attempt to draw parallels with the Arab invasion of Spain from the port of Gibralter. However, poor coordination of the insurgency led to the failure of the plan and India responded with a full scale armed struggle that continued for the next 17 days. Large number of military vehicles and tanks were used for the purpose and the war saw casualties numbering in thousands by the end of it. The war ended only after the diplomatic intervention of the Soviet Union and the United States.

1971
The war of 1971 was unique in the sense that this time Kashmir was not the bone of contention. It occurred as a result of the ongoing war between East Pakistan and West Pakistan. While India gave full support to East Pakistan’s cause, it formally entered into war with Pakistan after it carried out strikes on forward airbases and radar installations of the Indian Air Force. Occurring over a course of 13 days the war saw the largest number of prisoners of war since World War II. The war resulted in the independence of East Pakistan and the creation of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

1984

surgical strikes, army, pakistan, pakistan infiltration, india pakistan conflict, india pakistan war, indian army, indian army surgical strikes, surgical strikes, LoC, line of control, jammu and kashmir, uri attack, poonch attack, PoK, india news Siachen glacier

Popularly known as the Siachen conflict, the ceasefire between the two countries occurred over the control of the Siachen glacier in Kashmir. The struggle ensued after India launched operation Meghdoot, gaining control over the Siachen glacier. It was followed by Pakistani army launching strikes on several occasions in 1985, 1987 and 1995 to expel Indian forces.

1999

surgical strikes, army, pakistan, pakistan infiltration, india pakistan conflict, india pakistan war, indian army, indian army surgical strikes, surgical strikes, LoC, line of control, jammu and kashmir, uri attack, poonch attack, PoK, india news Soldiers of Kargil celebrating victory after War. (Express Archives)

The Kargil war of 1999 took place immediately following the Pakistani army’s infiltration into the Kargil district in Kashmir. The Indian army retaliated in an effort to drive out the Pakistani infiltrators. Within two months India had been able to regain most of its territory. The struggle ended as a result of international pressure on Pakistan to withdraw its troops.

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    Clair
    Sep 30, 2016 at 9:57 pm
    It originally was not a religous war..lt;br/gt;stan needed Kashmir as it was the ONLY way it vould provide water to its millions ..Then India decided not to allow stan to have this water supply and so the war began...lt;br/gt;Yes over the years the hatred between the two has grown and took a different way but this article only tells that stan wantef to take over Kashmir but does not once tell the reason why That they had no choice other than giving up access the only large water supply to their people..lt;br/gt;Yes i know this new war is not about this ..i am just talking about this one written article that does not tell the w story.therefore people do not have all the facts and will be judge and jury and blame stan..lt;br/gt;I blame both counties ..i am not for or against either..no one wins in war...no one
    Reply
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      Dinesh Sampat
      Sep 29, 2016 at 2:44 pm
      It is an insult of history, when such viewing is contextualized simply through the lens of "1947 to today" time frame. The role of repeated Muslim and Greko-Roman invasions, role of British duplicity, Afghanistan-Balochistan-Sindh resentment, western nations' covert support to stan and its military-ISI machines and its dubious politicians, political and strategic bers inked by India's leaders during Nehru era......etc. etc.have inflicted disastrous negative consequences on the entire region of South Asia.
      Reply
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        Sagar Tanksali
        Sep 29, 2016 at 12:33 pm
        Clearly this article has been put together by some amateur person, wet behind the ears. 1999 was known as Kargil War, not Siachen. Siachen was nowhere in the picture. Besides, what has the picture of the snowpeak got to do with the 1971 war?
        Reply
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          Pramod Sarhadi
          Sep 29, 2016 at 2:34 pm
          India was not created in 1947 but stan was created in 1947lt;br/gt;India was a existing countries for thousands of yearslt;br/gt;This shows mental and intellectuel bankruptcy of Indian express writers and their intent of running down everything Indian and Hindu
          Reply
          1. S
            Sagarika
            Sep 29, 2016 at 2:16 pm
            Its not the problem with the author, rather a problem with your browser....
            Reply
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              undefined
              Sep 29, 2016 at 11:01 pm
              Muslim terror atrocities started 700 -800 years ago and conflict will continue as long today type stan exists .
              Reply
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